A review of Alternative Learning Programmes in Pakistan (2014-15)
In-depth analysis of the effectiveness of Alternative Learning Programmes in Pakistan
The study focuses on the four provinces of Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (including FATA, the Federally Administered Tribal Areas), Punjab and Sindh. These provinces together comprise 96% of the population of Pakistan. Additionally, our focus is specifically on provision for the 5-16 age range which is designed and delivered as an alternative to the formal education system, for children who have either never attended formal school, or dropped out of school. It is not a specific focus of the study to look at TVET or livelihoods, or adult education programmes, though reference is made to these when relevant.
The study places its findings in the national and provincial context, utilizing existing data on where the greatest numbers of OOSC are, matched to the greatest number of existing ALPs, thereby identifying where the gaps in ALP provision lie. It does not attempt to map OOSC, as adequate data on this question already exists. Nor does it attempt to provide a final definition of what an ALP is - rather, a working definition appropriate for this study is developed.