Early Childhood Development
Assessing knowledge, attitudes and practices of families regarding care and development of children from birth to age seven.
In the first seven years of life, through appropriate care, children develop physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual capacities, which form a foundation for life-long functioning, learning, intellectual capacity, and social participation. The parents/caregivers interactions with children determine quality of care received and the ways in which children develop (Engle & Lhotska, 1997). Early childhood cognitive and socio-emotional development strongly predicts later performance in school and economic productivity. Children who are exposed to multiple risk factors are considerably more likely to perform poorly or drop out school. Studies suggest that children in this group are likely to have lower incomes and higher fertility rates in adulthood,
thereby contributing to the inter-generational transmission of poverty.