Nutrition

Support national and regional authorities to improve nutrition status of the most vulnerable

Tsiaro et sa maman partagent leur dejeuner
UNICEF/UN0262958/Andrinivo

Challenges

Stunting is a major public health and development concern in Madagascar

5th worst affected country in the world: 47 per cent of all children under 5 (~2 million) suffer from stunting, principally in rural areas.

Children in the highlands are the most affected by stunting (≥ 60 per cent).

Stunting has a permanent impact on physical growth and intellectual development.

Each year severe acute malnutrition affects more than 8 per cent of children under 5, particularly in the south.

UNICEF programme

Advocate for increased attention to nutrition and for the strengthening of the national nutrition information system.

Lead community nutrition preventive interventions with a focus on pregnant women and children under the age of 2 years.

Maintain and improve quality of the curatives interventions (treatment of severe wasting).

Improve multisectoral integration and coordination with a focus on nurturing care at household level including health, water, sanitation and hygiene and violence prevention.

Anticipate and respond timely to nutritional crises

Key results

  • Support the Government to develop the 3rd National Nutrition Action Plan
  • Cost estimation of the investment needed to reduce chronic malnutrition in Madagascar completed in 2017 has resulted in improved national nutrition budgeting and certain donors investments for reinforcing specific nutrition interventions
  • 3,6 million children between 6 and 59 months benefit twice a year from vitamin A supplements and deworming during Mother-Child Health Weeks.
  • 2,15 million children between 6 and 59 months screened for acute malnutrition; severe cases referred to appropriate health services
  • 75,000 children under 5 years treated for severe acute malnutrition since 2015, 50,000 of which were emergency cases
  • Implementation of a nutrition surveillance system in regions vulnerable to nutritional crises, including mass screening and mobile services for the most vulnerable to provide more equitable access to services