The largest humanitarian crisis faced by Kyrgyzstan in recent years was the conflict in southern Kyrgyzstan in 2010: interethnic violence in Osh and Jalalabad regions resulted in the death of at least 470 people and displacement of 400,000 people.
Kyrgyzstan is prone to natural disasters of various kinds.
The Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Kyrgyz Republic (MoES) lists 20 main natural hazards and processes that pose risks to population. They include avalanches, droughts, floods, glacial lake outburst floods, earthquakes, landslides and frequent mudslides, epidemics, pests, crop diseases and river erosion. Some of these hazards are predominantly seasonal and occur on an annual basis, while others such as earthquakes are rare events, but potentially highly destructive.