To achieve the goals of preventing and eradicating all forms of violence against children, it is important to implement a series of strategies. At the prevention level, it is necessary to enforce legislation prohibiting all forms of violence against children, including corporal punishment. It is also important to develop parenting skills for raising children without violence through services such as home visits and positive parenting programs. Children need special programs in pre-schools and schools as well as additional training facilities.
At the response level, it is important to create the system of mandatory reporting of violence against children to authorized bodies; to introduce additional responsible persons in the protection of children’s rights to improve its efficiency; to develop a clear coordination and effective interaction between the authorized bodies; to train professionals in handling cases of violence against children, as well as to develop guidelines for implementing measures to respond to violence in education, health care, social protection, law enforcement and judicial authorities.
It is important to pay attention to raising awareness of professionals and public about violence against children, including risk factors, signs of violence and negative consequences of violence against children. In addition, there is a need to further improve the collection of administrative data on all forms of violence against children to track the status and progress dynamics.
In 2013-2017, UNICEF together with the authorized bodies, run a pilot program to prevent violence in schools. The goal was to prevent violence before it occurs by developing psychosocial skills among students, as well as by developing mechanisms to respond to risk factors and committed acts of violence. The developed methodology was tested in schools in the East Kazakhstan, Kyzylorda and Mangystau regions and proved its effectiveness. Now, with the support of the National Academy of Education, this methodology will be implemented in the standards and competencies of the education system.
Supported by UNICEF, the prevention of violence and neglect of the needs of children has become the responsibility of visiting nurses who, through family visits, inform about positive parenting methods and respond if they notice that the child is at risk of or experiencing abusive treatment in the family.
In 2018, UNICEF, together with the authorized bodies, launched a communication campaign to prevent violence against children. The campaign is aimed at raising awareness of parents, as well as the public, about the inadmissibility of violent methods in the upbringing and education of children, changing approaches, norms and attitudes in this matter.
Together with the authorized bodies, work is underway to improve legislation and to develop protocols to identify, report, register and respond to cases of violence against children.