Towards child-sensitive social protection in Indonesia

Current challenges and opportunities to make social protection in Indonesia child-sensitive

A student smiles in her classroom


Indonesia’s development vision is to become one of the four largest economies globally and reach high-income country status by reducing extreme poverty to zero. With poverty in childhood also the root cause of poverty in adulthood, realizing this government vision requires a focus on the eradication of child poverty as a vital first step.

Social protection – which encompasses social assistance, social insurance, social care services and labour market programmes – plays a key role in poverty reduction. Social protection that is child-sensitive addresses poverty, vulnerabilities, exclusion and shocks faced by children at different stages of their lives.

This brief, based on recent empirical studies and international literature, presents information on the extent of poverty and inequality in Indonesia and how children are affected. It examines how Indonesia’s current social protection, particularly social assistance, reduces poverty and supports families, including during crises. The brief highlights the importance of making social protection child-sensitive in order to realize the country’s development vision through eradicating child poverty, and also provides key recommendations.

Ministry of Finance and UNICEF
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