Landscape analysis of large-scale food fortification in Indonesia

Identifying gaps and challenges in the implementation of LSFF in Indonesia

A boy among food


Landscape Analysis Large Scale Food Fortification (LSFF) was conducted by UNICEF Indonesia and Bappenas with aim to identify gaps and challenges in the implementation of LSFF in Indonesia. The landscape analysis presents five key findings. First, Indonesia has very limited data on either coverage or impact of fortified food. Second, national requirements for mandatory fortified of salt, wheat flour and palm cooking oil are increasing with Indonesia’s growing population. The national requirement for rice has fallen however as the diet of the population has diversified and wheat flour consumption has increased. A majority of salt and wheat flour are now consumed as processed foods. Third, weaknesses and gaps in the current regulatory monitoring system. It includes the excessive and duplicative facility and product inspections by Food Drug Administration and the Ministry of Industry with lack of coordination between the two, insufficient accredited and authorized agencies to undertake all the required inspections in a timely manner, over reliance on product testing and market surveillance, no system for ensuring the use of fortified ingredients in processed foods and no solution for small scale salt processors that are unable to achieve SNI certification. Fourth, high level of interest in large scale fortification of rice in Indonesia recognizing that rice is the staple food of the country and Indonesia is almost self-sufficient in rice. However logistical, technical, and financial constraints have limited large scale rice fortification. Fifth, weak coordination, management and oversight on LSFF programme, where lack of communication on fortification between sectors and even within ministries was evident. Although Coordination platform for Salt Iodization was established in order to guide mandatory salt fortification in the early years, it has not been functional for several years. Meanwhile comparative structures for wheat flour and oil fortification have never existed. 

Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas & UNICEF
Publication date
English, Indonesian