Eastern and Southern Africa bears a high burden of HIV, violence, child marriage and female genital mutilation/cutting.
Of all the adolescents living with HIV globally, more than half are in Eastern and Southern Africa.
The region has made progress in reducing the prevalence of child marriage, but the levels remain high and violence against girls and boys is still far too common.
Violence against children, female genital mutilation/cutting and child marriage violate the rights of children and adolescents. For girls, child marriage and sexual violence often disrupt their education, limit their developmental opportunities, and expose them to the risk of HIV infection, pregnancy, and complications from childbirth.
More than 1 million adolescents live with HIV in Eastern and Southern Africa – 61 per cent of the global total. Adolescent girls and young women remain disproportionately affected: 3 in 4 new infections for those aged 15–19 years are among girls. Nearly two thirds of global AIDS-related deaths among adolescents occur in this region. The need to increase utilization of HIV testing, treatment and care among adolescents, particularly girls, remains urgent.