The quality of education remains a major challenge preventing children from developing to their full potential and contributing to the society in the long term.
Teaching styles can sometimes be rigid; pupil participation is not encouraged enough and corporal punishment is often used. Many schools have poor infrastructure with around 1 in 5 school buildings unfit for use, lacking functional water and sanitation facilities. Based on TIMMS 2015 and PIRLS 2016 results, more than half of the students in Egypt do not even meet the low benchmark in international learning assessments – 69% of grade-4 students in reading, 53% of grade-8 students in mathematics, and 58% of grade-8 students in science. Egypt ranks at the bottom of the participating countries - #49 out of 50 countries of grade-4 students in reading, #34 out of 39 countries of grade-8 students in mathematics, and #38 out of 39 countries of grade-8 students in science.