Basic education and gender equality

The Issue

 

UNGEI Papers

Introduction

This series of papers aimed at promoting better education in South Asia grew out of collaboration between the UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia and the newly formed United Nations Girls' Education Initiative (UNGEI), and had its genesis at a Regional Meeting on Accelerating Girls' Education in South Asia in February 2005.

Essentially the series is intended to be a forum that allows debate, exchange of ideas and to break new ground. It will aim to capture the momentum and extol good practice to all engaged in educational policy and implementation.

The series does not seek to represent a specific viewpoint, but rather is intended to enable specialist contributors to present issues in greater depth and breadth than is often the case in official documents.

Initially the series will focus on girls' education but it is hoped that eventually it will broaden into a platform for more general education issues related to South Asia, with a particular emphasis on social inclusion. Contributions and feedback are invited from academics and practitioners from throughout the South Asia region and beyond. The series editors are particularly interested in submissions which offer new ideas and strategies that can assist those needing answers, and which can add impetus to the ongoing efforts in the region to provide quality education for all.

Come, join the debate!

 

Papers

The five papers are the most recent in a series of eleven, and are aimed at informing policy makers and practitioners about issues in girls' education and gender in South Asia.  These are produced under the UN Girls' Education Initiative (UNGEI), a partnership dedicated to promotiong girls' education, UNGEI was launched in 2000 by the UN Secretary General at the World Education Forum in Dakar, in response to a troubling reality - girls constituted more than half of all children worldwide who were not in school.

Poverty and Economic Vulnerability in South Asia: Does it Impact Girls' Education?

Publication Date: 2008
Author/Publisher: UNICEF ROSA, UNGEI

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From Parity to Equality in Girls' Education: How are we doing in South Asia?

Publication Date: 2008
Author/Publisher: UNICEF ROSA, UNGEI

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Progress in Girls' Education: The challenge of  Gender Equality in South Asia

Publication Date: 2008
Author/Publisher: UNICEF/ROSA, UNGEI

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Gender Mainstreaming:  Does it happen in Education in South Asia?

Publication Date: 2008
Author/Publisher: UNICEF/ROSA, UNGEI

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Beyond Gender: Measuring Disparity in South Asia using an Education Parity Index 

Publication Date: 2008
Author/Publisher: UNICEF/ROSA, UNGEI

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Addressing Social and Gender Disparity in South Asia Through SWAps and PBAs in Education: How Can We Use World Experience?
Publication Date: 2006
Author/Publisher: UNICEF ROSA, UNGEI
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This paper explores the coverage of, and approaches to, gender and social exclusion in twelve education SWAps, including four in South Asia. It takes as its starting point commitment to working to achieve good quality accessible education as a right of all children. With sector-wide approaches (SWAps) becoming a dominant modality for assistance to the education sector across South Asia, as elsewhere, it is important to ensure that such approaches are made to work to maximize progress towards achieving gender equality and social inclusion, as well as meeting the specific needs of 'multiply-vulnerable' children, especially girls.
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Measuring Gender Inequality in Education in South Asia
Publication Date: 2006
Author/Publisher: UNICEF ROSA, UNGEI
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This paper assesses current measures for gender equality in education. While gender disaggregating enrolment and progression data has been an important step forward, measures that are concerned only with the presence or absence of girls in school provide little insight  into aspects of gender inequalities within schools or the gendered environment beyond school. Nevertheless, such measures do generally show improvement for nearly all the countries in South Asia for which there is data.

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Mainstreaming Gender for Better Girls' Education: Policy and Institutional Issues
Publication Date: 2006
Author/Publisher: UNICEF ROSA, UNGEI
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There are numerous systemic issues that remain to be resolved, in order to achieve sustainable change in education for girls in the Indian subcontinent in particular. Sri Lanka and the Maldives achieved high rates of education and gender parity through systemic reforms that helped promote more effective management of service delivery. Yet in the remaining countries of the region, the development of systemic capacities, structures and appropriate processes remains mired in political and institutional failures. These provide the challenges to which this paper is broadly addressed. In this paper, the focus is on the capacities and resources that are associated with a) international aid modalities through which international resources and policy influence are being channelled; and b) gender mainstreaming within national and sub-national bureaucracies through which policies and programmes are designed.

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Reaching the Girls in South Asia: Differentiated Needs and Responses in Emergencies
Publication Date: 2006
Author/Publisher: UNICEF ROSA, UNGEI
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The main aims of this paper are to identify and review existing research in South Asia on girls' education in emergencies and highlight the ways in which armed conflict and natural disasters impact on girls' education.

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Educating Girls in South Asia: Promising Approaches
Publication Date: 2006
Author/Publisher: UNICEF ROSA, UNGEI

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This paper on South Asia is drawn primarily from a global report by Barbara Herz and Gene B. Sperling, What Works in Girls’ Education: Evidence and Policies from the Developing World, prepared for the Center for Universal Education at the U.S. Council on Foreign Relations and published in 2004 by the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington, D.C.  The paper includes much additional material on South Asia.

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The Move to Programme Based Approaches: An Effective Partnership for Girl's Education? The Experience of Recent Evaluations
Publication Date: 2006
Author/Publisher: UNICEF ROSA, UNGEI
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This paper attempts to examine the lessons learned in a major global evaluation of external support to basic education supplemented by a recent joint government-donor evaluation of the Basic and Primary Education Programme II (BPEP II) in Nepal, as they relate to the challenge of girls' education. More specifically, it examines the question of how partnership can become an effective strategy in accelerating progress in South Asia toward achievement of the MDGs relating to girls' education.

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UNGEI 2012 Newsletter

 

 

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