Poor nutrition is a major threat to the survival and development of children under-five in Sudan. Nowadays Sudan have more malnourished girls and boys U5 than 30 years ago, due to an increase in prevalence in the past 2 decades from 20 to 32 per cent underweight and from 32 to 35 per cent underweight combined with population growth.
Over one in three children U5 (2.3 million) are too short for their age (stunted) with rates above 30 per cent in 128 out of 188 localities, making Sudan one of the 14 countries where 80 per cent of the world’s stunted children live.
One in six U5 girls and boys are too thin for their height (wasted), while nearly 700,000 children per year suffer from severe acute malnutrition in Sudan - about twice the number of severely acutely malnourished (SAM) children in need in Sudan compared to Yemen.
Inadequate dietary intake is one of several immediate causes of undernutrition in Sudan. According to MICS 2014 on average only 15 per cent of young children aged 6-23 months were provided the minimum acceptable diet, primarily due to insufficient diversity of their diets although food frequency is also an issue. These proportions however differ across socioeconomic status and across the country with some states with having less than 5 per cent of 6 - 23 month old infants appropriately fed.
Across Sudan, maternal, newborn and child health indicators are still far from reaching the SDG targets for 2030, unless accelerated efforts excreted. The maternal mortality ratio remains unacceptably high at 216 per 100,000 live births and the neonatal mortality rate is estimated at 33 per 1,000 live births.