WASH Assessment at the Household Level in the Gaza Strip

The Gaza Strip is facing immense challenges related to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)

UINCEF SOP/ Eyad al-Baba


The Gaza Strip is facing immense challenges related to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), which pose significant health risks to its nearly two million residents and constrain the socioeconomic development of the Palestinian people.

Despite the best efforts of the Palestinian Water Authority (PWA) and our many partners, the deteriorating WASH situation has been compounded by the damage caused by 10 years of blockade and three wars. The consequences of the last armed conflict in 2014 are still felt by the WASH sector in direct and indirect ways, limiting the capacity to develop and deliver basic services to children and families in the Gaza Strip, including the key human right of access to safe water and sanitation.

Since the last Israeli military operation in 2014, no household assessmentswere carried out that focused on WASH conditions until this greatly appreciated report. PWA is grateful to the financial and technical support providedby UNICEF, which made this vitally important work possible.

The main objective of the assessment was to produce grassroots research of WASH conditions at the household level in the Gaza Strip while generating a comparative analysis that informed the identification of critical responses and actions. The field work was exhaustive with 2,382 households reached under a study with 47 indicators.

Seventeen interventions have been proposed based on WASH needs identifiedby the assessment. The main water-related interventions will enhance storage capacity, improve quality of both drinking and domestic water, and promote public awareness of the importance of cleaning water storage.

PWA thanks the Gaza WASH Cluster, Gruppo di Volontaria to Civile (GVC), the Palestinian Hydrology Group (PHG), UNICEF and other UN partners,the Ministry of Housing and Public Works, and the Ministry of Public Affairs for contributing to this timely and needed assessment.

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