Cost-benefit analysis of the programme for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV

with the application of the universal and voluntary testing for HIV of pregnant women

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UNICEF Serbia/


The State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, as a member of the International Community, undertook to implement the goals and recommendations of international documents and declarations related to the prevention of vertical transmissions of HIV infection (PMTCT).

An analysis of the situation in the State and the measures being undertaken for the prevention of mother to child transmissions of HIV infection have shown that an improvement of the existing system was necessary.

The recommended strategy that includes the introduction of voluntary testing of pregnant women by the Opt-out model has numerous advantages.

Should the state utilise the new PMTCT strategy, the question emerges whether it can endure the economic burden despite the multiple justifications of its implementation from the medical and social perspectives. This study provides the answer to that question.

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