Reports on Child Poverty in Nigeria

Situation of Children in Nigeria, Monetary Child Poverty for Nigeria and Multidimensional Child Poverty in Nigeria.


Nigeria ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) on March 21, 1991. The convention articulates the rights of every person under the age of 18 and identifies duty-bearers responsible for the realization of these rights. As a signatory to the CRC, Nigeria periodically reports on progress in upholding this convention. The mandate of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is to monitor this progress. One major way to achieve this is by conducting a comprehensive situation analysis of children to show child-relevant dimensions of national development problems, assess actions and policies, and point out solutions and priority actions required to improve the condition of children in Nigeria.

Against this background, UNICEF working with the Ministry of Finance, Budget, and National Planning (MFBNP) produced three policy documents (i) the Situation Analysis of Children (ii) The Multidimensional Child Poverty Report and (iii) The Monetary Child Poverty Report.

The Situation Analysis Report provides a national overview of the situation of children and adolescents in Nigeria, highlighting child-relevant national development challenges (poverty, child labour, child marriage, geographic disparities in child deprivations, children with disability, migrant, and displaced children etc.) and pointing out solutions and priority actions required to improve the condition of children.

The Monetary Child Poverty Report is a first of its kind measurement of child poverty report in Nigeria, showing the number of children living in households that live on less than $1.90 USD per day (i.e., the international poverty line) which translates to living in households that earn less than NGN137,430 per year (i.e. the national poverty line).

The Multidimensional Child Poverty Report is equally a landmark study that provides an overview of child deprivations faced across the 7 dimensions of child rights based on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child which highlights every child’s right to education, nutrition, health, housing, sanitation, water, and information devices. A child is considered as multidimensionally poor if (s)he is deprived in at least 3 dimensions at the same time based on the dimensions, indicators and deprivation thresholds.

A collage of Nigerian Children
Federal Republic of Nigeria, Federal Ministry of Finance, Budget and National Planning, National Bureau of Statistics, UNICEF
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