National education sector investment plan
Ministry of Education
In the Government of Malawi (GoM) development agenda, education has always been one of the national priorities since independence in 1964. Education has constantly been considered as one of the tools for socio-economic development of the nation. After independence, the Government through the American Council of Education conducted a survey to assess and determine the needs of formal education as the basis for improvements in the education sector and this was linked to economic progress from 1964 to 1972. The assessment led to development of the first formal plan (1973-1980) which provided guidance for education development on primary, secondary, teacher education and subsequently technical and vocational training.
The second education sector plan (1985 to 1995) incorporated all levels of formal education. The overall objective of this plan was to consolidate policies so that a proper balance of physical and human resources was maintained at all levels of the education system. From 1995 to 2005, the third formal plan under the Policy and Investment Framework (PIF) guided the education sector development and Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF). Specifically, the PIF aimed at increasing access to educational opportunities for all Malawians at all levels of education and ensuring equitable education system.
The National Education Sector Plan (2008-2017) was the first comprehensive plan that was developed by the MoE. The plan covered all the education subsectors: Basic Education (ECD, Primary and Out of School Youth Education); Secondary Education; Teacher Education; Higher Education; and Technical and Vocational Training. The NESP was developed within three thematic areas of access and equity; quality and relevance; and governance and management. During the implementation of the NESP, notable achievements included overall increase in access to education across all levels of education; review of curricula linkage to Malawi’s socio-economic development; and review of the legal and policy framework, specifically, development of the National Education Act and the National Education Policy, among others. Specific key achievements of the NESP 2008-2017 have been highlighted under progress section of this document.
Following the implementation of the NESP 2008-2017, a two year NESP Transition Plan was developed to act as a bridge between the NESP 2008-2017 and this NESIP 2020-2030. The Transitional Plan focused on execution of the uncompleted strategies in NESP.
The NESIP 2020-2030 is the fifth education plan for the education sector. The MoE in conjunction with its partners developed the NESIP 2020-2030 as a long term (10 year) plan to guide the development of the sector. The NESIP therefore concentrated on building blocks laid by NESP 2008-2017, while taking into account the prevailing challenges as highlighted in the Educations Sector Analysis (ESA) Report.
The NESIP sets out the Government of Malawi education sector goals, objectives and strategies; and how these will be realized. The goals and objectives focus on expansion of equitable access to education, improvement of quality and relevance of education and better governance and management.