Protecting Children from Violence, Abuse, Exploitation and Neglect
Training Manual for Community Engagement
The Child and Family Welfare Policy of Ghana has a key focus on the prevention of violence, abuse and exploitation of children. To effectively engender the behaviour and social change related to Child Protection, the Child Protection Community Facilitation Manual and Tool-kits was collectively developed by UNICEF , Government and NGO partners. The tool-kits include training manuals and a number of resources including flash cards, interactive games, activities, information packs, etc. for stimulating dialogue on a range of child protection issues and topics including gender role analysis, child labour, sexual abuse and exploitation, child marriage, bullying, and teenage pregnancy among others. An additional module and flashcards on Alternative Care for Children was developed in 2017 to promote Family Based Care instead of residential or institutional for children who are in need of care due to the death of their parents or for some reasons cannot live with their biological parents. The latest addition to the tool-kits is the module on Adolescence, Sexual and Reproductive Health and Sexual and Gender Based Violence to complement the existing tool-kits.
The tools can be used to engage a variety of audiences including community members – parents, community/traditional leaders, teachers and children themselves in different cultural settings across the country. The aim of the tools is to create a platform for communal reflection which is further expected to trigger actions leading to behavior and social change to create a safe and protective environment for children. The Child Protection tool-kit supports open reflection and dialogue around sensitive child protection issues makes it possible to bring up very sensitive issues that are usually not discussed openly. The tools has been very instrumental in provoking discussions and reflections leading to both individual and collective actions for behavior and social change. Some of the collective actions triggered includes community action planning to address specific child protection issues identified and passing of community laws to protect children.