Education Budget Brief 2022

More financing efforts are needed to address children learning loss impacted by COVID-19, expansion of early childhood education, dropouts and education reform priorities particularly teaching quality


The report observed trends of the Education Ministry budget between 2018 and 2022 that cover the budget appropriation period during the COVID-19 crisis—the education sectoral plan gears toward inclusive and quality education and lifelong learning. The current education reform, for the first time, is moving beyond access to quality and governance issues. The Ministry absorbed a 3.38 percent share of GDP in 2020 before losing its traction at 2.62 percent in 2022. If the country is to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal for Education (SDG 4), a benchmark public education expenditure of 4 percent of GDP should be the aim. Despite the decline in the overall education budget, MoEYS's current expenditures grew 12.4 percent. During the observed period, two of the five programmes, Program 1 on general education and Program 5 on governance and cross-sectoral support, gained growth in funds at 1.2 and 15 percent, respectively. The first encompasses the development of pre-primary to high school, and the latter is mainly used for wages. Primary and secondary education made up 70 percent of the budget under program 1, while pre-primary schools received a marginal share at only 5 percent. While the enrolment rate at all levels has been improved, particularly at primary school, 97.3 percent, the quality of learning is still a big concern coupled with the learning loss from school closure during the Covid-19 crisis.  

© UNICEF Cambodia/2023
Mr. Sok Sotheareach, the consultant
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