The May 2014 floods acted as a stark reminder of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s vulnerability to natural hazards, both meteorological and geological. The total flood damage in 2014 amounted to approximately US$1.7 billion, according to the Bosnia and Herzegovina Floods Recovery Needs Assessment 2014. There is a particular necessity to implement Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) strategies that pay special attention to vulnerable children and women.
Disaster risk reduction
UNICEF promotes disaster risk reduction and preparedness.
A new UN Joint Programme on DRR was developed in 2017, with the objective of strengthening institutional capacities and coordination across government levels, promoting multisectoral risk reduction and preparedness measures in risk-exposed localities, and reducing vulnerabilities of citizens affected by disasters and climate change.
Using a community-based DRR approach, UNICEF is working with selected municipalities to ensure that children, their families and communities are more resilient to hazards. Through the development of a ‘Manual on the Role of the Social Protection Systems in Emergency Preparedness and Response’, capacity building initiatives, and local Social Protection DDR Action Plans in pilot municipalities, UNICEF is helping to integrate disaster risk in the design, delivery and targeting of social assistance in case of emergencies.
Through its efforts to mainstream DRR in the education and health sectors and to strengthen the preparedness and response of the social and child protection systems, UNICEF continues to raise awareness, develop hazard assessments, and pilot field interventions in vulnerable communities.