How to stay safe outside during COVID-19 pandemic?

Enjoy your time outside while following safe behaviours outside

UNICEF Azerbaijan
Ali, 8 years old and his friend Fuad cycling around their house in Binagadi.
UNICEF Azerbaijan/Bell/2018
17 March 2021

Getting outdoors is a favourite pastime of adults and children alike. But with the continuing COVID-19 pandemic, parents are faced with navigating how to enjoy being outside while protecting their family’s health. Here are some tips to consider for safer outdoor fun!

Does COVID-19 spread outdoors too?

Unfortunately, yes. COVID-19 can spread anywhere you may come into close contact with an infected person. However, the risk of infection is much lower outdoors compared to indoor spaces.

Remember, the virus spreads mainly via respiratory droplets that are released from an infected person through coughing, sneezing, talking or singing – which then get into the mouth, nose or eyes of people who are nearby. Short-range airborne (or aerosol) transmission is possible, particularly in poorly ventilated, crowded indoor places. People may also become infected by touching their mouth, nose or eyes, after touching surfaces contaminated with the virus, although emerging evidence suggests that this does not play a significant role in COVID-19 transmission.

I’ve been vaccinated. Do I still need to take precautions?

Getting vaccinated is a great step in helping to keep yourself and others safe. No COVID-19 vaccine provides 100 per cent protection though, which is why it’s important to take informed decisions about the risk involved in different activities for you and your family.

Follow guidance from your local authorities and stay informed about COVID-19 transmission and vaccination rates in your area. In places with low rates of COVID-19 transmission and high rates of vaccination, there is less risk for fully vaccinated people, but unvaccinated people, including children, can still be at risk of infection.

In many situations, it’s still recommended to continue taking precautions such as physical distancing, wearing a mask near others, frequent hand washing and self-checking for any COVID-19 symptoms before going out.


When is it safe for children to return to group activities?

The level of risk involved in group activities depends greatly on where you live. As a starting point, check for any relevance guidance from your local authorities. You should take more precautions in areas with a higher rates of COVID-19 transmission and lower levels of vaccinations. 

As a general approach, it is safer to have playdates with children from other families outdoors where possible, as the COVID-19 virus doesn’t spread as easily in such settings. Physical distancing is also likely easier to manage for you and your children than indoors. If you allow your children to play outside with friends, consider limiting it to just a few other kids and encouraging physical distancing. Make sure your children wash their hands before they come back inside.

How can my family safely spend time outside together?

Staying physically active is one of the best ways every member of the family can keep their minds and bodies healthy. By taking some key steps, you can help your family minimize the risk of exposure to the COVID-19 virus.

  • When planning outings, try to avoid peak times and crowded settings and take routes that are less congested wherever possible.
  • Consider packing a hand sanitizer with at least 60 per cent alcohol, disinfecting wipes, tissues, extra masks and a resealable bag to store the mask while not in use.
  • Before leaving the house, check to make sure all family members feel well and are symptom-free.
  • Remind each other to follow any recommended precautions in your area while outside, such as staying at least one metre away from others, wearing a mask when close to people outside your household, not touching your face (eyes, nose, mouth) or the mask surface, and frequently washing or sanitizing your hands.
  • If you decide to eat outside, it’s safest to bring your own food and utensils. If this is not possible, take-out is a safer option than eating indoors. Don’t forget to wash or sanitize your hands before eating.
  • Once you come home, make sure to first wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.

Every family has to take decisions based on their own situation. Here are some key factors to consider:

  • Keep updated on the level of COVID-19 transmission in your local community. In general, the higher the rate of transmission, the higher the risk of potential exposure in public settings.
  • The vaccination status of your friends and family.
  • If you live with unvaccinated people who have an increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19 (older family members, grandparents, family members with underlying medical conditions), the whole family should take extra precautions to protect them. This may include limiting your children’s contact with other people (including playdates), or if this is difficult (such as when children return to school), keeping your child apart from those family members wherever possible.
  • For any in-person socializing, consider whether others in the group are vaccinated, if they practice everyday preventative measures, and where and for how long you’ll be meeting – meeting outside and for shorter periods of time carry less risk of infection.

Communicate your decision to your child and take time to explain why you made that decision – and why it matters. Whatever your decision may be, it’s important to keep an open line of communication with your child. Encourage them to share any concerns and be honest if they didn’t follow the rules. This is important especially for older children and adolescents, who may be more prone to taking risks or feeling peer pressure to socialize. Try to guide and redirect them with science (what we know, what we don’t know), and with empathy and compassion.

Is it safe for my child to go swimming (both indoors and outdoors)?

There is currently no evidence that the COVID-19 virus can spread through natural bodies of water or recreational waters such as pools. If you are considering going swimming with your family, first check the latest guidelines from your local authorities, which may vary depending on the local level of COVID-19 transmission. If pools and beaches are allowed to be open, here are some things to consider:

  • Location: How safe the swimming area is will also depend on if there is crowding, and the actions of the people who are there.
  • Timing: Select a time when it is likely to be least crowded.
  • Your children’s age: Will they be able to maintain physical distancing if recommended?  
  • Prevention measures: Check to see if the swim area has measures in place to prevent the spread of the virus and other health hazards, such as steps to avoid crowding, cleaning and disinfection, ventilation if indoors and safe water systems.

If you decide to go swimming, leave early if it starts to get crowded, minimize any time spent in enclosed spaces such as locker rooms, avoid eating in the swim area and supervise your child at all times.

This article was originally published on 02 September 2020. It was last updated on 24 August 2021.