UNICEF is the global leader promoting and protecting children’s rights in 190 countries, including the Syrian Arab Republic.

A UNICEF woman health worker assisted Maternal and Child Health Centre
A woman health worker (centre) from the UNICEF-assisted Maternal and Child Health Centre in Damascus, the capital, shows medical supplies to a group of women whose family members have tuberculosis. The women (in black robes called 'abayas') and their children are in the courtyard of their home. INFORMATION PROVIDED TO THE EXTENT AVAILABLE.]Circa 1950 in Syria, the Maternal and Child Health Centre in Damascus, the capital, is supported by UNICEF, including with X-ray and other modern diagnostic equipment and facilities for tuberculosis patients. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides technical guidance. The Centre, which has been expanded, now also trains personnel to work in regional dispensaries, 30 of which receive UNICEF equipment, drugs and dietary supplements. Mothers receive prenatal care and attend courses on nutrition and health, and children under five receive periodic examinations, dental treatment and immunizations, including BCG vaccinations against tuberculosis. The latter was a UNICEF initiative, begun in 1949, that is now being continued by the Government.