Nigeria multiple indicator cluster survey (MICS) - 2011
Monitoring the situation of children and women
This report is based on the Nigeria Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, conducted in 2011 by the National Bureau of Statistics. The survey provides valuable information on the situation of children and women in Nigeria, and was based, to a large extent, on the needs to monitor progress towards goals and targets emanating from international agreements such as the Millennium Declaration, adopted by all 191 United Nations Member States in September 2000, and the Plan of Action of A World Fit For Children, adopted by 189 Member States at the United Nations Special Session on Children in May 2002. Both of these commitments build upon promises made by the international community at the 1990 World Summit for Children. In signing these international agreements, governments committed themselves to improving conditions for their children and to monitoring progress towards that end. UNICEF was assigned to support governments in achieving this task.
The Federal Government of Nigeria has made several efforts directed towards the achievement of the objectives and aspirations expressed in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the World Fit for Children goals, the UNICEF Country Programme, the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and Abuja Targets for Malaria among others. The Government has in recent times launched a number of development initiatives to improve the economic and social life of its people. The National Transformation Agenda and Vision 20:2020 are developed to create employment, increase and stabilize electricity power supply, improve social and economic infrastructure and provide enabling environment for local and foreign investments and to become one of the twenty leading economies in the world by year 2020. The National Programme for the Eradication of Poverty (NAPEP) has been concerned with strategies for poverty reduction in the country while National Agency for the Control of HIV/AIDS (NACA) has mandate for planning, implementing and monitoring programmes for control of HIV/AIDS.
The Government has expressed strong commitment to, and declared as a matter of high priority, efforts to monitor and evaluate progress towards the attainment of the benchmarks established in these national and other global goals. The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) with strong financial and technical support from international development partners and donors like UNICEF, UNFPA, and DFID among others has been involved in the national efforts to achieve the goals through provision of relevant data to monitor, evaluate and advise necessary adjustments in development programmes. The Nigeria 2011 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey has been designed to measure progress towards achievements of MDGs and more specifically to assist UNICEF in monitoring and evaluation of country programmes including those on child survival, child development, child and women rights and protection among others. Globally, MICS4 has collected information on at least 100 internationally agreed upon indicators covering most situations of the household, the child, the mother and their environment.