Syria Crisis Fast Facts

August 2019

Child in a camp


The total number of Syrian children in need inside Syria and in host countries: 8 million children

Internally displaced children: 2.6 million

Total registered refugee children outside Syria: over 2.5 million


From January to end of June 2019 (verified): 

  • At least 532 children were killed or injured, including 359 killed or injured in northwest Syria alone.
  • 292 children recruited or used in combat

In refugee host countries:

  • Nearly 10,000 Syrian refugee children are either unaccompanied or separated, and many of these children are vulnerable to exploitation, including child labour, due to lack of legal documentation.


Inside Syria:

  • ›From January to end June 2019, the UN verified 74 attacks on schools and military use of 24 schools.
  • Since 2014, the UN verified over 385 attacks on education facilities and military use of over 50 schools.
  • Two in five schools in Syria has been damaged or destroyed.
  •  Over 2 million children – over one-third of Syria’s child population - is out-of-school and 1.3 million children are at risk of dropping out.
  • One in eight children per classroom requires specialized psychosocial support.

In refugee host countries:

  • The flow of refugees out of Syria has added a huge strain on service provision in neighbouring countries, challenging Syrian and host communities’ access to basic services, including education.
  • Over 800,000 children remain out-of-school. 


Inside Syria:

  • Four out of five people in Syria live below the poverty line, pushing children into extreme survival measures – like child labour, early marriage and recruitment into the fighting - to help their families make ends meet.

In refugee host countries:

  • More than 90 per cent of Syrian refugees are living in host communities and facing challenging conditions. These circumstances have pushed children to extreme survival measures including dropping out of school to work or marry.


Inside Syria:

  • From January to end June 2019, 51 medical facilities have been attacked in northwest Syria, forcing several UNICEF partners to suspend their activities.
  • Half of all health care facilities are partially functioning or aren’t functioning at all.



  • In 2019, UNICEF has appealed for US$ 1.2 billion for its programmes for children inside Syria and in neighbouring host countries. To date, UNICEF is facing a 44 per cent gap.




Cover of fact sheet
UNICEF Middle East and North Africa
Publication date
English, Arabic

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