The MENA region made remarkable progress during the MDG era, starting from an already relatively advanced baseline. But progress towards the MDG goals and targets was uneven between and within countries, with inequalities widening. The uprisings in the region that started in 2011 had widespread impact and gave rise to new conflicts and unprecedented displacement. As a result, MDG progress slowed for some goals in some countries and there were even reversals of progress in countries most affected by conflict and displacement. Assessments of progress across 13 countries at the end of the MDG era suggest that progress has been greatest in the eradication of extreme poverty and access to improved sanitation. On the other hand, there is insufficient progress related to targets on undernutrition in a significant number of MENA countries.
The MENA region consists of low- and middle-income countries that are facing a double of burden of malnutrition (i.e. stunting, wasting and micronutrient deficiencies) and over-nutrition (i.e., overweight and obesity) and the associated chronic, non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The nutrition situation of young children across MENA reveals inequities in the nutrition status of children under five between and within countries. Additionally, the region has been inundated with on-going conflicts for many years, further affecting the nutrition status of the most vulnerable population, women and children. The effects of persistent conflict in MENA are not limited to death and injuries, but include secondary in-direct consequences such as the deterioration of social, economic, and health conditions, both in conflict-affected countries as well as neighbouring countries. Nutrition interventions vary between conflict and non-conflict countries as the former appear to have interventions focused on treatment of acute malnutrition and saving lives. Moreover, these countries undergo wider sub-national inequity, especially within wealth quintiles and area of residence.
 Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, State of Palestine, Yemen.