The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region continues to face multiple and complex crises, conflicts, displacement and damage to vital health care, education and water infrastructure as well as natural disasters (drought, floods, earthquakes, etc.). With globally declared acute and protracted Level 3 emergencies in Syria, across the five countries hosting Syrian refugees, Iraq and Yemen, in addition to other ongoing emergencies in Libya, Sudan and the State of Palestine, there are about 70 million people in need of humanitarian assistance across the MENA region, including 27 million children. In addition, 50 million people in need live in conflict affected countries, including about 24 million children.
The needs of affected populations are increasing in scale and are aggravated by economic crises, chronic underdevelopment, natural disasters and diseases such as the cholera outbreaks in Iraq and Yemen and long-term drought in Djibouti. The conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic has given rise to serious protection concerns due to indiscriminate or targeted attacks and widespread violations of human rights by parties to the conflict. In Yemen, the nutrition crisis has put 385,000 children at risk of severe acute malnutrition and the collapse of the health system has increased the vulnerability of about 540,000 people to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) or cholera. The complex emergency in Iraq, including the operation to retake Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, has increased displacement, with spill over into neighbouring countries that has compounded the burden on already stretched public services. More than 9 million people in Libya, the State of Palestine and the Sudan require humanitarian assistance