Latin America and the Caribbean have made progress in increasing the enrollment in pre-primary, primary and secondary education the last decades. Yet, there are still gaps in the access and completion of education as 14 million children and adolescents ranging between ages 7 to 18 are out of the educational system.
In the region, 1.6 million children are excluded from preprimary education, 3.6 million children are out of primary school, and the situation is more critical at the secondary level where 2.8 million children and adolescents are out of lower secondary school and 7.6 million in upper secondary. The percentage of children and adolescents out of school in the early years of secondary education in Latin America and the Caribbean is 7.7% which is almost 4 times higher than in developed countries (2.1%).
Children and adolescents living in remote communities and vulnerable areas, from indigenous populations, those exposed to violence, living with a disability, facing gender and ethnic discrimination are more affected and more likely to experience greater barriers in fulfilling their right to education.
Indigenous children have improved their access to primary education, but access to secondary education is not as widespread, with about 30% of indigenous adolescents out of school and many of them experiencing low quality education. 7 out of 10 children with disabilities do not attend school and over 8 million of these children and adolescents are at risk of being excluded.