Despite the positive trends in economic growth, the rate of inequality has increased with disparities both between and within regions, and between rural and urban areas
Nearly one person out of ten still lives in extreme poverty. The extremely poor are particularly vulnerable to sickness, unemployment, disability and loss of assets. This in turn increases the risk of falling even further into poverty and deprivation.
The poorest groups of the population are mainly small-scale farmers. While they produce enough cereals and tubers for household consumption, access to livestock and fish is limited and the food sources are primarily carbohydrates, resulting in limited variation in diet.
In these households with limited resources, a combination of factors leads to inadequate nutrition and an unhealthy life for the family. Such households frequently have limited access to foods that are rich in nutrients or potable water. They cannot often access adequate health services and often cannot practice appropriate sanitation and hygiene management.
This trend is passed onto future generations of children, affecting their growth and development, hindering learning in school and subsequent future productivity.