Children uprooted by conflict and disaster continue to face heightened risks of violence, child labour and exploitation. Children who are travelling alone or who have been separated from their families are more easily preyed upon and more vulnerable to violence and abuse. Many refugee and migrant children miss out on an education, and many don’t have access to health care and other essential services.
In recent years, large numbers of migrant and refugee children have arrived in the European Union (EU), fleeing from civil wars, poverty and persecution or in search for better opportunities. Authorities at national and EU level, civil society and a variety of partners are actively working to address a number of difficult challenges around the migration of children. These include the challenge of how to count how many children are arriving and when, in what circumstances and what types of services they need, how to establish care and custodial arrangements to protect children.