In Ethiopia, 60 to 80 percent of communicable diseases are attributed to limited access to safe water and inadequate sanitation and hygiene services. In addition, an estimated 50 percent of the consequences of undernutrition are caused by environmental factors that include poor hygiene and lack of access to water supply and sanitation. There are strong links between sanitation and stunting, and open defecation can lead to fecal-oral diseases such as diarrhea, which can cause and worsen malnutrition.
Diarrhea is the leading cause of under-five mortality in Ethiopia, accounting for 23 per cent of all under-five deaths – more than 70,000 children a year.
Water and sanitation in numbers
- 65 per cent of households have access to improved water sources
- 6.3 per cent of households have access to improved sanitation
- 60 - 80 percent of communicable diseases are attributed to limited access to safe water and inadequate sanitation and hygiene services
- 70,000 under-five deaths per year due to diarrhoea
- 17 per cent of people practice improved hygiene behaviours and live in healthy environments