Gender Responsive Disaster Risk Management
An analysis of gender integration in national and regional disaster risk management frameworks in Eastern and Southern Africa
In disasters, gender inequality and compounding social inequalities trigger more direct and indirect negative impacts on marginalized groups. In Eastern and Southern Africa, evidence showed specific negative impacts of disasters on women and girls that are deeply rooted in gender inequality and discrimination patterns, including Gender-Based Violence. To reduce the disproportionately negative impacts of disasters on women, girls, Disaster Risk Management (DRM) must be gender responsive, with proactive intent to achieve gender-equitable results by identifying gender-related barriers, developing appropriate preparedness and responses planning and establishing strong accountability frameworks for monitoring and review.
UNICEF and IFRC launched a regional partnership in 2020 to explore the extent of integration of gender, including GBV risk mitigation, prevention and response, in national and regional DRM legal and policy frameworks in 10 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa. This helped shape recommendations and identify opportunities for Governments and Regional Institutions to center gender equality within current efforts to bring coherence between Disaster Risk Reeducation and Climate Change Adaptation policies.