Central African Republic: child malnutrition rates soar as violence rages

UNICEF and WFP warn that more than 1 in 3 health districts in the country are now on alert for a child malnutrition crisis due to recent violence

12 March 2021

BANGUI, 12 March 2021 – At least 24,000 children under five across 14[1] of the Central African Republic’s 35 health districts are at risk of severe acute malnutrition following the recent spike in violence across the country – UNICEF and the World Food Programme (WFP) warned today. Out of these 14 districts, which are now on alert[2] for a child malnutrition crisis, six[3] currently have no resources or capacity to respond to children’s acute needs.

The two UN agencies also noted that violence and insecurity are exacerbating population displacement, hindering humanitarian access and causing food prices to rise.

This adds to the negative impact that the COVID-19 pandemic continues to have on children’s nutrition security in the country. This year, at least 62,000 children under five are expected to suffer from severe acute malnutrition, a 25 percent increase from 2020.[4]

“The situation is extremely concerning,” said UNICEF Representative in CAR, Fran Equiza. “Without urgent access to the care they need, severely malnourished children are at imminent risk of death. We must be able to safely reach all children in need as soon as possible, particularly in the areas most affected by recent violence, where families have been forced to flee and access to food is scarce.”

“The spiralling nutrition situation is a consequence of recent post-electoral violence and needs an immediate and adequate response to save lives and avoid catastrophe”, said WFP CAR Country Director Peter Schaller.

“We cannot sit back and watch this catastrophe unfold before our eyes. We need safe access to these children, girls and women to prevent the worst”, Mr Schaller added.

Despite growing insecurity, UNICEF and WFP teams on the ground are intensifying efforts to reach the most vulnerable children and mothers, by pre-positioning nutrition supplies to ensure there is no disruption in the delivery of aid, as well as deploying mobile clinics to bring health and nutrition support to remote and displaced communities.

“We are renewing our call to all parties to the conflict to allow UNICEF and its partners safe and unfettered access to the most vulnerable children”, added Mr Equiza.

In 2021, UNICEF is seeking USD $ 15.2 million[5] to scale up its nutrition response and provide almost 50,000 severely malnourished children under five with lifesaving treatment and reach more than 800,000 women and children with measures to tackle both acute and chronic malnutrition, including feeding counselling and Vitamin A supplementation.

As of today, programmes remain critically underfunded, with only 30 per cent of needs - USD $ 4,500,868 - covered since the beginning of the year.

WFP will continue the prevention and the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition among children aged from 6-59 months, and pregnant and breastfeeding women. However, the organisation is facing a serious funding shortfall and needs USD $ 9 million for its nutrition response through December 2021.


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For more information contact:
Giovanni Zambello, Chief of Communication, UNICEF CAR, gzambello@unicef.org

Vigno Hounkanli, Communications Officer WFP/Bangui, Mob. +236 72859295 vigno.hounkanli@wfp.org

[1] Baboua-Abba, Bouar-Baoro, Gamboula, Sangha Mbaéré, Batangafo, Bossangoa, Ngaoundaye, Nanga-Boguila, Kémo, Kouango-Grimari, Nana Gribizi, Haute Kotto, Bangassou and Ouango-Gambo;

[2] A health district is “on alert” when one of malnutrition indicators determined by the nutrition surveillance and early warning system (SNAP) are above the threshold, or if one of the nutrition indicators is above the threshold with the presence of aggravating factors. These alerts must be verified by a SMART Rapid Survey;

[3] Sangha-Mbaéré, Gambo, Baboua, Batangafo, Hautte Kotto, Bossangoa;

[4] UNICEF Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) 2021;

[5] UNICEF Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) 2021;

Media contacts

Giovanni Zambello
Communication Chief
UNICEF Central African Republic


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