Water- and sanitation-related diseases are one of the leading causes of death for children under five.
Over 11 per cent of child deaths in Sudan caused by diarrhoea, attributed mainly to poor sanitation, water and hygiene. Two million children in Sudan suffer from acute malnutrition, 50 per cent of which is associated with repeated diarrhoea or worm infections.
With nearly a third of households (over 10 million people) practicing open defecation, Sudan has the highest prevalence of open defecation in the Middle East and North Africa region, posing grave public health risks to transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid and polio. Open defecation is a manifestation of multi-sectoral deprivations be it poverty, malnutrition, education (see map) and affects women/girls disproportionately.