Violence, exploitation and abuse can affect the child’s physical and mental health in the short and longer term, impairing their ability to learn and socialize, and impacting their transition to adulthood with adverse consequences later in life.
In Niger, more than 80 per cent of children have experienced violent discipline, just six in 10 children have a birth certificate and 28 per cent of girls are married before 15 (76 per cent before 18).
Adolescents, particularly teenage mothers and children with special needs, do not receive services adapted to their needs. Niger has enacted major laws, policies and strategies to combat gender-based violence and promote gender equality, but competing customary, religious and national laws result in ambiguities for rights holders and duty bearers.
There is a lack of data on minors in contact with the law and street children, and only unreliable information about children on the move.
In Niger, the child protection system lacks quality services. Extremely low government funding (0.16 per cent of the approved budget in 2016) and the lack of coordination mechanisms between the social welfare and justice sectors undermine the ability of service providers to prevent and respond to cases of violence, exploitation and abuse.