While Ethiopia has made significant progress in reducing maternal and under-five mortality and combating HIV, malaria and other diseases, challenges remain: a sub-optimal health system including inadequate health care financing and quality of services; insufficient skilled and specialized health care providers in rural and remote areas; inadequate response to adolescent health needs; and limited links between health services and early stimulation and development for children below the age of 3 years, including birth registration. Much also remains to be done to build a resilient health system in a country prone to humanitarian and environmental crises in an unstable region.
Evidence shows that maternal and child deaths have been in decline since 2000. Yet, maternal and newborn mortality remain unacceptably high. Lack of access to quality antenatal, obstetric and postnatal health services, especially in rural areas, hampers further progress in reducing maternal deaths. Reducing newborn deaths within the first 28 days remains a challenge.
Every day, 480 children dying every day of easily preventable diseases.
Adolescent girls are highly affected by Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) and child marriage. The country has the second highest number of girls and women in the world having undergone FGM/C, with the absolute number of girls and women (aged 15–49 years old) being 23.8 million.
Survival and health in numbers
- Annual maternal deaths are 353 per 100,000 live births.
- Annual under-five deaths are 67 per 1,000 live births.
- 47 per cent of baby deaths happen within the first month of life.
- 480 children die every day from easily preventable diseases.
- 23.8 million girls and women (aged 15–49 years) have undergone FGM/C.
- 17 per cent of girls aged 15–19 are married.
- Total fertility rate for women aged 15–49 years is 4.6.
- There are 63 births per 1,000 women aged 15–19 years.