Gender equality and women empowerment in Ethiopia

Research briefs

Lek’o Ali, 19, and Fatuma Ali, 15, attend an adolescent girls’ club in Afar, discussing harmful practices. Lek’o says, “I want to teach the public. FGM has to end in my community.”
UNICEF Ethiopia/2019/Tadesse


The research report on “Gender Equality, Women’s empowerment and child wellbeing in Ethiopia”  presents the findings of a trend analysis on gender equality and women’s empowerment in the Country between 2011 and 2016 and the associations between women’s empowerment and child wellbeing outcomes. The study adopts quantitative methods and uses Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) data 2000-2016. It is also informed by global and country-specific literature, policy frameworks and international conventions.  The study finds that over the last 16 years, Ethiopia has made significant progress on several dimensions of gender equality and women’s empowerment although disparities between rural and urban areas and across regions have persisted.  Progress also remains slow on women’s educational, economic and inter-personal/familial empowerment. Children whose mothers are empowered are less likely to be deprived in education, health, health related knowledge, nutrition and protection. 

Drawing from the research, two separate briefs are produced on the ‘Changing Trends in Gender Equality in Ethiopia’ and ‘Women’s Empowerment and Child Wellbeing in Ethiopia’ to provide the summary of the key findings.

Ministry of Women, Children and Youth and UNICEF Ethiopia
Publication date


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