Learning outcomes

Learning outcomes help assess what areas need improvement.

Learning Outcomes


‘Learning outcomes’ refer to student performance in a cognitive domain, in particular literacy and numeracy, as measured in different assessments. It is difficult to know what areas in education need improvement when students in Bosnia and Herzegovina have not yet been assessed on their abilities in terms of reading, mathematics, science, or other studies.


UNICEF Bosnia and Herzegovina advocates for an increased system-wide emphasis on outcomes as opposed to inputs, improved assessments to gauge children’s learning progress and building knowledge of the pedagogic practices that can improve learning.

UNICEF also supports the country’s efforts to better assess learning outcomes through its participation in the first-ever Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in Bosnia and Herzegovina for 15-year-old students in 2018. The PISA will focus on reading, mathematics, science and other international assessments. The PISA test will be followed by secondary analysis of the results, using an equity lens, and countrywide dialogues about learning outcomes with the overall objective to improve the quality of education in Bosnia and Herzegovina.


How PISA works?

How PISA contributes to education reform?

Geeta Narayan: What information does PISA testing provide us with?

Elizabeth Fordham: What does PISA provide us with?

Elizabeth Fordham: What results can we expect from PISA testing in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

Geeta Narayan: We all must take responsibility in creating a better education system.