Sustainable Energy for Children in Zimbabwe

Situational Analysis of the Energy Status of Institutions that Support Children in Five Districts of Zimbabwe

UNICEFZimbabwe/2021/Kudzai Tinago


Lack of adequate lighting has also caused poor maternity delivery in remote rural clinics resulting in high mortalities especially of premature children and for complicated pregnancies. According to the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey of 2014, the infant
mortality is 55 deaths per 1,000 live births and has been above 50 for the past 15 years (ZIMSTAT, 2015).

Energy demand is growing gradually in Zimbabwe, with the growth estimated to be 2 per cent annually. The long term scenario predicts that the electricity demand of the country will have doubled by 2020 and to meet this demand energy generation capacity
should increase by more than twice the current capacity. There are already shortages of electricity caused by internal generation shortfalls that are expected to continue because of the high demand by the current connected customers and the increasing
population. Internal generation supplemented by imports is only meeting 60 per cent of the 2,000 MW demand per day (Ministry of Energy and Power Development, 2012). There has been stagnation in new power infrastructure development because of lack of financing, non-viable energy pricing and a slowdown in adoption of new and renewable sources of energy. It is projected that grid extension will take time to reach the most isolated of rural communities because of generation capacity constraints within the region and lack of financial resources.

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