Baseline Study for the Community-Based Integrated Early Childhood Development 'Insaka' Programme

A foundational baseline study at the start of the flagship Insaka programme in Zambia

Boy looking at camera in climbing frame in Zambia


The Government of the Republic of Zambia with support from UNICEF is implementing the Insaka integrated early childhood development (ECD) programme in the Katete and Petauke districts of Zambia. The programme aims to improve developmental and nutritional outcomes of children 0–6 years in target communities. The main feature of the programme is the creation of spaces known as Integrated Community Hubs, which act as outposts for the delivery of comprehensive services to children and their caregivers. The services are based on the five pillars of the Nurturing Care Framework (NCF). This report documents the findings of a baseline study of the ECD programme and feeds into the planned impact evaluation.

The baseline study collected data from the intervention sites (Katete and Petauke districts) and the control sites (Chipata and Chongwe districts) on:
1) Child developmental milestones, including cognitive, fine motor, gross motor, social and language skills.
2) Nutritional and health status of children.
3) Responsive caregiving knowledge, attitudes and practices of parents and caregivers.
4) Early stimulation of children and opportunities for early learning.
5) Child protection, including child disciplinary practices and the occurrence of accidents.
6) Home environment, including household income, consumption and assets.
7) ECD programme implementation acceptability, feasibility, and how to improve the multisectoral response.

Three young boys smiling with numbers on paper
UNICEF / University of Zambia School of Public Health
Publication date

Files available for download