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Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

© UNICEF/UNI184982/Yasin

The Situation

In one of the world’s most water-scarce countries, the conflict in Yemen has made matters worse, particularly for children who depend on clean drinking water and adequate sanitation for good health and survival.

After a year and a half of bombing and ground fighting, as well as fuel shortages experienced by local water corporations and soaring costs of commercial water trucking—the main source of water for many—19.3 million Yemenis do not have access to clean water and sanitation. Of these, 50 per cent have been directly cut off from these basics of life by the conflict.

A rippling effect of the dire (WASH) situation has been the outbreak of cholera and Acute Watery Diarhoea in the capital, Sana’a and other areas in the country.

Together with partners, UNICEF has been scaling up its response in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) to prevent and control diseases.

UNICEF in Action

  • A new area of support for UNICEF in Yemen has been providing fuel to Local Water Corporations in 11 governorates to restore urban water supply systems.
  • To tackle the piles of solid waste that had not been collected in the cities of Hodeida and Sana’a cities, UNICEF also provides fuel to a local “Cleaning and Improvement Fund” to collect waste from the streets.
  • School toilets and water points have been repaired in more than 300 schools and fuel provided to run rural water projects in Sa’ada governorate.
  • In conflict-affected areas and were internal displacement is wide-spread water has to be trucked to vulnerable displaced families and host communities. Water tanks and temporary toilets have been constructed and hygiene kits, ceramic water filters and water purification tablets provided.

Sacling up WASH services

  • Improving water sources and environmental sanitation services by developing, rehabilitating and maintaining the Public and community infrastructures.
  • Restoration of lost capacity in service provision of rural water supply systems, testing renewable technologies to replace fuel with alternative sources of energy.
  • Provision of hygiene kits to internally displaced people to help prevent diseases.



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