Overview | Aperçu

Children in West and Central Africa

UNICEF in the region

Polio immunization | Vaccination contre la polio

Maternal and Newborn Health


HIV/AIDS in the region


Water and Sanitation

Child Protection



The sanitation ladder

The ‘sanitation ladder’ presents sanitation coverage as a four-step ladder that includes the propostion of the population:
  • practising open defecation
  • using an unimproved sanitation facility
  • using a shared sanitation facility
  • using an improved sanitation facility.

It also presents progress made since 1990, the reference year for the MDG.

*Central Africa is not included in the graph as there are insuffient data to reliably estimate the proportion of the population that shares a sanitation facility.
Source: Snapshot of sanitation in Africa, UNICEF/WHO, June 2008



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