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Child poverty and disparities in Niger

In September 2007, UNICEF launched a global initiative for the comparative study of childhood poverty and disparities in 40 countries, with the aim of fostering understanding on how economic and social policies can better achieve results for children.

To obtain a holistic view of poverty, the studies takes into consideration various aspects of poverty, such as monetary poverty, inadequate living conditions and deprivation.

UNICEF Niger undertook the study in partnership with the Ministry for Women's Affair and Child Protection, the National Institute of Statistics, the Centre International d’Etudes et de Recherches sur les Populations Africaines (CIERPA), with the support of Bristol University in the United Kingdom.

 Download the report (in French)

The study on child poverty and disparities in Niger shows a prevalence of monetary poverty among children of 62%.

The situation is even more worrying if you consider the deprivation of essential needs: more than 9 children out of ten (92.8%) are deprived of at least one right essential to their wellbeing.

This approach shows the level of vulnerability and precariousness of the children of Niger: almost 8 in 10 children are in absolute deprivation meaning are deprived of at least 2 essential rights simultaneously (16% are deprived of two rights, 35% are deprived of three rights, and 19% are deprived of four rights).

Both the monetary and deprivation approach show strong disparities between regions, backgrounds and household characteristics (size, wealth and study level of parents).

Despite many efforts made in the past ten years by the Government of Niger in terms of policies, laws and programmes on nutrition, health, education and child protection, some have had only limited impact such as those on the quality of education and health, the fight against vulnerability affecting Nigerien children and the reduction of gender disparities.

According to the study, efforts should concentrate on the following:
• increase resources and efficiency of spending towards sectors reducing the poverty of children
• increase actions towards improving and diversifying income of population, in particular that of women in rural areas
• improve living conditions, sanitation and hygiene of households
• develop social nets, social security and special measures to protect vulnerable groups
• improve conditions of access and quality of services and reduce disparities in education and health sectors
• promote change behaviour for practices favorable to health , nutrition and protection of children
• develop community initiatives to prevent and treat malnutrition
• intensify actions aiming the protection of child rights and that put in place social services to take in charge children in difficult situations

 Download the report (in French)



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