COVID-19 Global Humanitarian Response Plan

A global approach is the only way to fight COVID-19, the UN says as it launches humanitarian response plan

25 March 2020
Girls washing hands in Côte d'Ivoire
UNICEF Côte D'Ivoire/Frank Dejongh

A global approach is the only way to fight COVID-19, the UN says as it launches humanitarian response plan 

  • UN humanitarian chief warns that failing to help vulnerable countries fight the coronavirus now could place millions at risk and leave the virus free to circle back around the globe.
  • UN launches US$2 billion global humanitarian response to fight COVID-19 in 51 countries across South America, Africa, the Middle East and Asia.
  • Governments urged to commit to fully supporting the global humanitarian response plan, while sustaining funding to existing humanitarian appeals.

New York/Dakar, 25 March 2020 – United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres launched today a $2 billion coordinated global humanitarian response plan to fight COVID-19 in some of the world’s most vulnerable countries in a bid to protect millions of people and stop the virus from circling back around the globe.

COVID-19 has killed more than 16,000 people worldwide and there are nearly 400,000 reported cases. It has a foothold across the globe and is now reaching countries that were already facing humanitarian crisis because of conflict, natural disasters and climate change.

The pandemic is rapidly escalating in Africa and the West and Central Africa region is now the most affected in Africa. As of date, there are 434 confirmed cases reported across 20 countries. including 46 within the last 24 hours.

The response plan will be implemented by UN agencies, with international NGOs and NGO consortia playing a direct role in the response. It will:

  • deliver essential laboratory equipment to test for the virus, and medical supplies to treat people;
  • install handwashing stations in camps and settlements;
  • launch public information campaigns on how to protect yourself and others from the virus; and
  • establish airbridges and hubs across Africa, Asia and Latin America to move humanitarian workers and supplies to where they are needed most.

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres said:

“COVID-19 is menacing the whole of humanity – and so the whole of humanity must fight back. Individual country responses are not going to be enough.

“We must come to the aid of the ultra-vulnerable – millions upon millions of people who are least able to protect themselves.  This is a matter of basic human solidarity. It is also crucial for combating the virus. This is the moment to step up for the vulnerable.”

Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Mark Lowcock said:

“COVID-19 has already upended life in some of the world’s wealthiest countries. It is now reaching places where people live in warzones, cannot easily access clean water and soap, and have no hope of a hospital bed if they fall critically ill.

“To leave the world’s poorest and most vulnerable countries to their fate would be both cruel and unwise. If we leave coronavirus to spread freely in these places, we would be placing millions at high risk, whole regions will be tipped into chaos and the virus will have the opportunity to circle back around the globe.  

“Countries battling the pandemic at home are rightly prioritizing people living in their own communities. But the hard truth is they will be failing to protect their own people if they do not act now to help the poorest countries protect themselves.

“Our priority is to help these countries prepare and continue helping the millions who rely on humanitarian assistance from the UN to survive. Properly funded, our global response effort will equip humanitarian organizations with the tools to fight the virus, save lives, and help contain the spread of COVID-19 worldwide.”

WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said:

“The virus is now spreading in countries with weak health systems, including some which are already facing humanitarian crises. These countries need our support – out of solidarity but also to protect us all and help suppress this pandemic. At the same time, we must not fight the pandemic at the expense of the other humanitarian health emergencies.” 

UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta H. Fore said:

“Children are the hidden victims of the COVID-19 pandemic. Lockdowns and school closures are affecting their education, mental health and access to basic health services. The risks of exploitation and abuse are higher than ever, for boys and girls alike. For children on the move or living through conflicts, the consequences will be unlike any we have ever seen. We must not let them down.”

Even before the crisis, the West and Central Africa region bore a disproportionate share of the global burden of the major deprivations of children's rights. In 2019, more than 7.5 million people were displaced, including over 4 million children who have been uprooted from their homes, due to conflict and instability. The region is home to 20 percent of all children under five who suffer from chronic malnutrition and one third of all children who are out of school in the world. Over 400 million people lacked access to a basic handwashing facility in 2018, and only 27 percent of households have access to safely managed sanitation infrastructures.

Children’s care and protection are at risk of being jeopardized due to direct and indirect impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. In West and Central Africa, school closures are currently affecting close to 110 million of children and 2.7 million teachers from pre-primary to upper secondary education. During the outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa from 2014 to 2016, school closures contributed to spikes in child labor, neglect, sexual abuse and teenage pregnancies.

At the virtual launch of the COVID-19 Global Humanitarian Response Plan, the UN Secretary-General was joined via video link by Mr. Lowcock, Dr Tedros and Ms. Fore.

Together they called on UN Member States to commit to stemming the impact of COVID-19 in vulnerable countries and containing the virus globally by giving the strongest possible support to the plan, while also sustaining core support to existing humanitarian appeals that help the more than 100 million people who already rely on humanitarian assistance from the UN just to survive.

Member States were warned that any diversion of funding from existing humanitarian operations would create an environment in which cholera, measles and meningitis can thrive, in which even more children become malnourished, and in which extremists can take control – an environment that would be the perfect breeding ground for the coronavirus.  

To kick-start the response plan, Mr. Lowcock released an additional $60 million from the UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF). This brings CERF’s support to humanitarian action in response to the COVID-19 pandemic to $75 million. In addition, country-based pooled funds have allocated more than $3 million so far.

This new CERF allocation – one of the largest ever made – will support: WFP to ensure the continuity of supply chains and transport of aid workers and relief goods; WHO to contain the spread of the pandemic; and other agencies to provide humanitarian assistance and protection to those most affected by the pandemic, including women and girls, refugees and internally displaced people. Support will include efforts around food security, physical and mental health, water and sanitation, nutrition and protection.

“Given the scale of humanitarian and development challenges in West and Central Africa, including severe acute malnutrition in children under five, high HIV prevalence, large number of displaced persons, and people living in overcrowded peri-urban areas and slums with limited access to safe water and sanitation, COVID-19 could have a devastating impact on child survival, education, protection and development. It is crucial that responses go beyond public health and include durable interventions that also address the secondary impact of the pandemic,” said Marie-Pierre Poirier, UNICEF Regional Director for West and Central Africa.

Notes to editors

  1. The COVID-19 Global Humanitarian Response Plan can be found here
  2. UNICEF Executive Director's Statement can be found here 
  3. UNICEF Novel Coronavirus (COVID-2019) Global Response can be found here 
  4. The COVID-19 Global Humanitarian Response Plan will be coordinated by the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
  5.  It brings together requirements from the World Health Organization (WHO), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Organization for Migration (IOM), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), UN-Habitat, UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and World Food Programme (WFP).

For further details, please contact:

WHO Spokesperson: Tarik Jasarevic+41 793 676 214,  jasarevict@who.int

OCHA New York: Zoe Paxton, + 1 917 297 1542, paxton@un.org

OCHA Geneva: Jens Laerke, +41 79 472 9750, laerke@un.org

Media Contacts

Sandra Bisin
West and Central Africa Regional Chief of Communication
UNICEF
Tel: +221 77 819 23 00

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