Nouvelle épidémie d’Ébola au Nord-Kivu, Republique Démocratique du Congo

Une nouvelle épidémie au Nord-est de la RDC

Girl has her temperature taken in order to monitor fevers in Ebola
UNICEF/UN0229507/Naftalin

Une semaine après l’annonce par le Gouvernement congolais de la fin de l’épidémie d’Ébola dans la province de l’Équateur, une nouvelle épidémie est apparue dans la province du Nord-Kivu au nord-est de la République Démocratique du Congo.

Une semaine après l’annonce, une campagne de vaccination a commencé dans les deux zones considérées comme épicentres de l’épidémie.

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Les enfants qui ont perdu un de leurs parents à cause d'Ebola ou dont les parents sont infectés par la maladie risquent d'être stigmatisés, isolés ou abandonnés, en plus de l'expérience de la perte d'un proche. Ils sont particulièrement vulnérables et l’UNICEF travaille pour leur bien-être.

Dieudonné, 13 ans, a perdu 8 membres de sa famille à cause d’Ebola : « Ils sont tous morts d'Ebola. C'était toute ma famille. C'était ma mère au début, puis mes sœurs et mes tantes ont suivi. [...] Je ne peux pas me tuer, je dois continuer à vivre. » L’UNICEF travaille avec les communautés pour arrêter la propagation du virus Ebola et protéger les enfants.

Kavira a été guéri d'Ebola et est maintenant immunisé contre la maladie. Elle donne son temps pour aider à prendre en charge les enfants admis dans le centre de traitement de l’Ebola de Beni, en les aidant à se rétablir et en leur donnant l'amour dont chaque enfant a besoin.

Jacques et sa mère ont survécu à la deuxième plus grande épidémie d’Ebola au monde. Maintenant, il retourne à l’école. L'UNICEF a été présent à chaque étape.

At a glance

What is the impact on children?

In this outbreak, children represent a high proportion among the confirmed cases of Ebola. About 30 per cent of confirmed cases are children. But the impact of the disease on children is not limited to the children that have been or are infected by the disease. It impacts their families and communities when children lose their parents, care-givers and teachers. Also, the outbreak makes basic services such as health care and education much harder to access.

How about children who have lost their parents or caregivers?

UNICEF and its partners have identified more than 400 children who have been orphaned or left unaccompanied as a result of the Ebola outbreak. This figure includes children who have lost one or both parents, or primary caregivers to Ebola, as well as those who have been left unaccompanied while their parents are isolated in Ebola treatment centers.

What is being done to fight the outbreak?

National health authorities in DRC are leading the response to the Ebola outbreak, building on their experience with previous outbreaks. They are supported by many local and international partner organizations, such as UNICEF, WHO, and MSF, all working together to: provide care and treatment to patients; trace people that have been in contact with infected people; inform and work with communities on prevention measures; deliver water, sanitation and hygiene to prevent the spread of the disease; and provide psychosocial care to infected people and their families, etc.

What is UNICEF’s role?

UNICEF's contribution to the response focusses on four main areas: 1. communication and community engagement to inform and protect local populations; 2. water, sanitation and hygiene activities in communities, schools and health centers to help prevent further spread of the disease; 3. psycho-social support to assist families, including children who are affected by the disease; 4. Prevention measures in schools to create a protective environment.

UNICEF multidisciplinary teams include anthropologists, who ensure that the prevention and treatment efforts are sensitive to cultural believes and practices, particularly around caring for sick and deceased individuals, and addressing populations’ concerns about secure and dignified burials.

Is there a vaccine against Ebola?

Yes, a vaccine exists against this strain of Ebola. In the vaccination efforts, UNICEF’s role is to inform communities on the vaccine and ways to prevent against the disease. Vaccines are given for free and on a voluntary basis to health workers, and to persons who have been in contact with infected persons and to contacts of these persons.

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