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Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

WASH strategy

© UNICEF/UNI165987/Noorani
Portrait of a young girl in Port Sudan, Sudan.


The Global Goals have set an ambitious new agenda for sustainable development. The new goal for the water sector, Goal 6, aims to achieve universal, sustainable and equitable access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene by 2030.

In response to the global goals, UNICEF has developed a new Strategy for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 2016-2030 that provides a framework to guide our work related to water, sanitation and hygiene over the next 15 years.

Building on previous experience, the WASH Strategy adapts our approaches to meet the new and emerging demands of the sustainable development agenda such as climate change, urbanization, water scarcity and more.

Download the Strategy for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 2016-2030 and learn how UNICEF is working towards achieving a world where every child has their rights to water and sanitation fulfilled.

Download the Executive Summary and the Strategy at a Glance for an overview and highlights of the Strategy.

UNICEF Programming Guidance:
The following resources guide UNICEF’s implementation of the new WASH Global Strategy


  • Human Rights and Equity


For every child, a fair chance: The promise of equity

Human Right to Water and Sanitation: Resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly

Realizing the human rights to water and sanitation: A Handbook


  • Climate Resilience


Disaster Risk Reduction and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene – Comprehensive Guidance

Strategic Framework: WASH Climate Resilient Development

Technical Brief: Integrating climate resilience into national WASH strategies and plans. WASH Climate Resilient Development 

Technical Brief: Local participatory water supply and climate change risk assessment: modified water safety plans. WASH Climate Resilient Development


  • Governance and Accountability


Accountability to Affected Populations: Operational Framework

Accountability in WASH: Explaining the concept

Accountability in WASH: A Reference Guide for Programming

  • Enabling Environments 


Guidance Note on Strengthening Enabling Environment for WASH

e-learning course: Strengthening Enabling Environment for WASH

Resource Library: Platform for Strengthening Enabling Environment for WASH

  • WASH Bottleneck Analysis

The WASH Bottleneck Analysis Tool


  • WASH and Nutrition


Improving nutrition outcomes with better WASH: practical solutions for policies and programmes


  • Supplies


UNICEF Supply Catalogue: Water and Sanitation Products

UNICEF WASH Programme Supplies Strategies and Guidance Notes  


  • WASH in Emergencies


Cholera Toolkit

Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action

Global WASH Cluster Strategy Plan 2011-2015

Guidelines for Integrating Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Action

Methodological Process for Strengthening National Humanitarian WASH Coordination


  • Water


Manual Drilling Compendium 2015

Sustainable Groundwater Development Technical Guidelines

Toolkit for the Professionalization of Manual Drilling in Africa

Towards Better Programming: A Water Handbook

UNICEF Handbook on Water Quality

UNICEF WASH Technology Information Packages


  • Sanitation and Hygiene


Evaluation of the WASH Sector Strategy “Community Approaches To Total Sanitation” (Cats) Final Evaluation Report

Field Note: Community Approaches to Total Sanitation

Handwashing Promotion - Monitoring and Evaluation Module

Investment Priorities for San in Rural Areas

Management Response to Evaluation of The WASH Sector Strategy “Community Approaches To Total Sanitation” (CATS) Final Evaluation Report

Sanitation Marketing Guidance Notes by topic: Favourable Conditions for SanMark [EN] [FR], Consumer Behaviour [EN] [FR], Developing Supply Chains and Business Models [EN] [FR], Business Development [EN] [FR], Getting the Product and Service Right [EN] [FR], Enabling Environment [EN] [FR], Demand Creation  [EN] [FR], Reaching the Poor [EN] [FR], Monitoring and Evaluation [EN] [FR], Sanitation Marketing and CATS [EN] [FR]

Sanitation Monitoring Toolkit

Towards Better Programming: A Sanitation Handbook


  • WASH in Schools and Health Care Facilities


Field Guide: The Three Star Approach for WASH in Schools

Raising (Even More) Clean Hands: Advancing Health, Learning and Equity through WASH in Schools (UNICEF, 2012)

UNGEI WASH in Schools for Girls E-course

WASH in health care facilities: status in low and middle income countries and way forward

Water and Sanitation for Health Facilities Improvement Tools: Field guide for improving, water sanitation and hygiene in health Care Facilities

WASH in Schools Distance-Learning Course

WASH in Schools for Girls– Voices from the field: Advocacy and capacity building for menstrual hygiene management through WASH in schools programmes



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