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Violence against children

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This set of resources has been provided by partner organizations that have been closely involved in the preparation of the UN Secretary-General's Study on Violence against Children. It does not aim to be comprehensive but gives an overview of available tools for preventing and responding to violence against children. Inclusion in this toolkit should not be considered endorsement of these resources by the Study Secretariat, UNICEF, the World Health Organization or the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.


Home and family

WHO-ISPCAN Preventing child maltreatment: A Guide to Taking Action and Generating Evidence. Forthcoming - see and

Save the Children and the Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children: Hitting People is Wrong - and Children are People Too. A Practical Handbook for Organizations and Institutions challenging Corporal Punishment of Children (pdf)

The Body Shop and UNICEF (2006): Behind Closed Doors: the Impact of Domestic Violence on Children (pdf)


Internet Safety Toolkit
A resource guide, created by Microsoft Corporation, designed to raise public awareness of computing security and Internet safety through education and guidance.

UNESCO (2005): Eliminating Corporal Punishment: The Way Forward to Constructive Child Discipline

UNESCO (2004): Embracing Diversity: Toolkit for Creating Inclusive, Learning-Friendly Environments

UNESCO, UNHCR, INEE (2005): Inter-Agency Peace Education Programme: Skills for Constructive Living (pdf)

UNESCO (2003): Best Practices of Non-Violent Conflict Resolution In and Out of School (pdf)

UNESCO (2004): Teaching Asia-Pacific Core Values of Peace and Harmony: A Sourcebook for Teachers (pdf)

UNESCO (2002): Non-Violence in Education (pdf)

UNESCO (2004): Impact of Incentives to Increase Girls' Access to and Retention in Basic Education (pdf)

INEE (2004): Minimum Standards for Education in Emergencies, Chronic Crises and Early Reconstruction (pdf)

UNICEF: Framework for Child-Friendly Schools

Centers for Disease Control (2001): School Health Guidelines to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence (pdf)

UNICEF: Taking Action : Violence in and around schools in Swaziland and Zimbabwe
Taking Action cover (pdf)
Taking Action main pages (pdf)
Taking Action credits (pdf)

WHO (and UNSCO, UNICEF, EDC, World Bank, PCD and Education International) (2003): Creating an Environment for Emotional and Social Well-Being: An Important Responsibility of a Health-Promoting and Child-Friendly School (pdf)

Institutions (Care and justice systems)

United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing rules)

United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (The Riyadh Guidelines)

United Nations Guidelines on Justice in Matters Involving Child Victims and Witnesses of Crime (2005) (pdf)

Save the Children (2005): The Rights not to Lose Hope - Children in Conflict with the Law - A Policy Analysis and Examples of Good Practice (pdf)

Consortium for Street Children: Police Training on Child Rights and Child Protection - Lessons Learned and Manual
Intro (pdf)
Lessons learned (pdf)
Manual Part 1 (pdf)
Manual Part 2 (pdf)

UNHCR: Refugee Children: Guidelines on Protection and Care

The Better Care Network (2006): Good Practice in Care Arrangements

UNHCR (2006): Guidelines on the Formal Determination of the Best Interests of the Child (pdf)


ILO - Global Report on Child Labour: The End of Child Labour: Within Reach

ILO-IPEC: Education as an Intervention Strategy to Eliminate and Prevent Child Labour. Consolidated good practices of the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) (pdf)

ILO: Time Bound Programmes

ILO-IPEC: SCREAM Stop Child Labour. Supporting Children's Rights through Education, the Arts and the Media

ILO - IPEC: Time Bound Programmes: Manual for Action Planning

ILO - IPEC (2004): Helping Hands or Shackled Lives? Understanding Child Domestic Labour and Responses to It (pdf)

ILO and Save the Children UK (2005): Making History, People Process and Participation. Mekong Children's Forum on Human Trafficking (pdf)

ILO-IPEC (2002): Unbearable to the Human Heart. Child Trafficking and Action to Eliminate It (pdf)

ILO-IPEC (2005): Child Trafficking: The People Involved (pdf)

ILO-IPEC (2002): Creating a Healing Environment. Psycho-Social Rehabilitation and Occupational Integration of Child Survivors of Trafficking and other Worst Forms of Child Labour
Volume I: Proceedings (pdf)
Volume II: Technical Papers (pdf)

Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNICEF (2005): Handbook for Parliamentarians on Combating Child Trafficking

Inter-Parliamentary Union and the ILO (2002): Handbook for Parliamentarians on Eliminating the Worst Forms of Child Labour

UNICEF CEE/CIS Regional Office (2006): Reference Guide on Protecting the Rights of Child Victims of Trafficking in Europe

UNICEF CEE/CIS Regional Office and Terre des Hommes (2006): Action to prevent Child Trafficking in South Eastern Europe. A Preliminary Assessment


WHO (2004): Guidelines for Conducting Community Surveys on Injuries and Violence

Inter Parliamentary Union and UNICEF (2004) : Child Protection: A Handbook for Parliamentarians

ChildHope (2005): Child Protection Policies and Procedures Toolkit: How to Build a Child-Safe Organisation
Child Protection Manual - Front Cover (pdf)
Child Protection Manual - Introduction (pdf)
Child Protection Manual - Stage 1 (pdf)
Child Protection Manual - Stage 2 (pdf)
Child Protection Manual - Stage 3 (pdf)
Child Protection Manual - Stage 4 (pdf)
Child Protection Manual - Stage 5 (pdf)
Child Protection Manual - Stage 6 (pdf)
Child Protection Manual - Appendices 1-15 (pdf)
Child Protection Manual - Appendices 16-30 (pdf)

Keeping Children Safe Coalition (2006): Keeping Children Safe. A Toolkit for Child Protection

Religions for Peace VIII World Assembly (2006): A Religious Commitment to Confront Violence Against Children (pdf)

World Bank: Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children Toolkit

Bernard van Leer Foundation (2006): Where the Heart Is: Meeting the Psychosocial Needs of Young Children in the Context of HIV/AIDS (pdf)

Inter-Agency Guidelines on Unaccompanied and Separated Children (pdf)

UNHCR: Refugee Children: Guidelines on Protection and Care (pdf)

UNICEF: Ethical Guidelines. Principles for Ethical Reporting on Children

UNICEF: MAGIC website - The Oslo Challenge. Website on Children's Rights and the Media

Media Wise and UNICEF (2005): The Media and Children's Rights (pdf)


Legal framework

International treaties relating to violence against children can be downloaded from: and

Committee on the Rights of the Child (2005): General Guidelines Regarding the Form and Content of Periodic Reports to be Submitted by States Parties Under Article 44, Paragraph (b), of the Convention

Committee on the Rights of the Child (2006): General Comment No. 8: The Right of the Child to Protection from Corporal Punishment and Other Cruel or Degrading Forms of Punishment (pdf)

UNICEF (2002): Implementation Handbook for the Convention on the Rights of the Child

Global Initiative to End Corporal Punishment of Children - Reports with Recommendations on Law Reform and Implementation prepared for each of the nine Regional Consultations which were held for the UN Study on Violence against Children
Global Initiative to End Corporal Punishment of Children: Compilation of Comments and Recommendations on Corporal Punishment from the Committee on the Rights of the Child
Global Initiative to End Corporal Punishment of Children: Key high-level Court Judgments on Corporal Punishment

Child participation

Save the Children (2003): So you Want to Consult with Children. A Toolkit of Good Practice

Save the Children (2003): So you Want to Involve Children in Research. A Toolkit of Good Practice

Save the Children (2005): Children's Actions to End Violence Against Girls and Boys

Action for the Rights of Children: Module on Working with Children. (pdf)

Alliance of Youth Executive Officers: Children and Young People: Participating in Decision-Making (pdf)

Population Council (2005): Ethical Approaches to Gathering Information from Children and Adolescents in International Settings: Guidelines and Resources'

Council of Europe: Young People Building Europe

UNICEF: Overview of the Voices of Youth's contribution to the Global Study on Violence Against Children (pdf)

UNICEF: What Young People are Saying: Violence. Speaking out: UN Study on Violence against Children

UNICEF (2005): Chat and Discussion Board Summaries on Violence

UNHCR: Findings of the Participatory Assessment with Children in Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique and South Africa. Child-Friendly Versions: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique and South Africa (pdf)

Data collection

UNICEF: Indicators on Violence against Children: Guidelines for Field Testing (Draft - currently being field-tested) and: Manual for the Measurement of Indicators on Violence Against Children (pdf)

UNICEF: Violence Against Children. Looking beyond Experience Introduction to the Participatory Assessment Tool (pdf). A Simple, Easy-to-Use Tool Kit to Research and Document Violence against Children in Protective Environments (Draft - currently being field-tested) and Participatory Assessment Tool (PAT) (pdf). Flexible, Adaptable, Qualitative Tool for Use with Children between the Ages of 6-9 Years, 10-12 Years, 13-15 Years and 16-17 Years.

UNICEF: Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 3

WHO (2001): Putting Women First: Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Research on Domestic Violence against Women (pdf)

WHO and PATH (2005): Researching Violence against Women. A Practical Guide for Researchers and Activists (pdf)


WHO (2003): Guidelines for Medico-Legal Care for Victims of Sexual Violence

WHO (2005): Multi-Country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women

UNHCR (2003): Sexual and Gender Based Violence Against Refugees, Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons. Guidelines for Prevention and Response (pdf)

Inter-Parliamentary Union: Parliamentary Campaign 'Stop Violence Against Women': Female Genital Mutilation

Save the Children (2003): Children and Gender Based Violence. Discussion Paper: an Overview of Existing Conceptual Frameworks (pdf)

Save the Children (2005): 10 Essential Learning Points: Listen and Speak Out against Sexual Abuse of Girls and Boys. Global Submission on Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation to the UN Study on Violence against Children (pdf)


WHO (2002): World Report on Violence and Health

WHO (2004): Preventing Violence: A Guide to Implementing the Recommendations of the World Report on Violence and Health

WHO (2004): Milestones of a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention

WHO: Teach VIP (violence and injury prevention). Users' Manual

WHO, International Society of Surgery and International Association for the Surgery of Trauma (2004): Guidelines for essential Trauma Care

WHO (2005): Prehospital Trauma Care Systems (pdf)

WHO (2006): Developing Policies to Prevent Injuries and Violence: Guidelines for Policymakers and Planners (pdf)

WHO and Centers for Disease Control (2001): Injury Surveillance Guidelines

International Classification of External Causes of Injury

European Commission: Daphne Programme to Combat Violence against Children, Young People and Women

European Commission: Daphne Toolkit: Resources for Combating Violence against Children, Young People and Women

Council of Europe: Building a Programme for and with Children

Coalition of Regional Agencies in East Asia and the Pacific (UNESCO, UNICEF, World Vision, Save the Children, Child Workers in Asia, Plan, ECPAT): Newsletters on Violence against Children

Save the Children (2005): Ending Physical and Humiliating Punishment of Children. Making it Happen. Global Submission on Physical and Humiliating Punishment to the UN Study on Violence against Children Part 1 (pdf) and Part 2 (Annexes) (pdf)

Churches' Network for Non-Violence (2006): Respecting children. A Handbook on Growing up Without Violence (pdf)