Evaluation of UNICEF Viet Nam Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Programme (RSHP) 2012 – 2016

Evaluation Period: June 2017 – June 2018

UNICEF Viet Nam\Pham Ha An


Viet Nam is a mid-income country located in Southeast Asia. With a population of 92 million[1], it is the thirteenth (13th) most populous country in the world. In recent decades, the country has made impressive progress in reducing poverty and improving access to public services including water and sanitation. For instance, access to improved water supply increased from 50% in 1990 to 94% by 2011. Similarly, access to improved sanitation has surged twice i.e. from 30% to 67% for the same time period[2]. The significant policy actions taken include: approval of ‘National Rural Clean Water Supply and Sanitation Strategy 2000-2020’ (revised in 2016); three (03) rounds of ‘National Target Programme’ for water and sanitation (from 1998 to 2015); and approval of standards concerning water quality and hygienic toilets. There are evident inequities in poor[3] and ethnic minorities (in Central Highlands, Northern Mountains and Mekong river delta) still deprived of services. It is in these areas and groups that UNICEF prioritised to work with[4]. The country envisions to achieve ‘country-wide ODF’ by 2025, and ‘universal access to safe drinking water’ by 2030 respectively. The country has concluded a loan agreement with World Bank for rural water and sanitation programme i.e. Results-Based Scaling Up Rural Sanitation and Water Supply Programme, to be implemented in 21 under-developed provinces.


[1] World Bank (2016)

[2] World Bank | Water Supply and Sanitation in Vietnam, Turning Finance into Services for the Future, December 2014

[3] ADB (2010)

[4] For a more detailed outline of the WASH sector see UNICEF, 2015. “WASH Outcome Paper”, developed within the 2016-2021 CCP process – including a comprehensive stakeholder overview.

Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Programme 2012 – 2016



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