In Viet Nam, women comprise the majority of workers in many of the country’s most important export industries, such as the apparel and footwear sector with 80 per cent of its 3.5 million workers being women aged 18-40 years. Commonly, a high percentage (80 per cent) of such workers are internal migrants, with more than half (60 per cent) also mothers, who move to big industrial zones in search of better economic opportunities.
“Businesses have direct impacts on children through policies and practices for workers.”
While industry provides women with stable jobs and important sources of income to support families and alleviate poverty, such opportunities can be undermined by negative impacts on the welfare of workers’ children. Many mothers and their children have limited access to health care, education and social protection services as well as face high living costs in urban areas, which infringe upon children’s rights and directly affect their daily lives.