What we do for social budgeting
UNICEF has worked to promote the use of the concept of social budgeting for child well-being, or ‘budgeting for children’, which puts child well-being and child rights at the centre of the budgeting process. UNICEF works to enhance transparency, accountability and public participation, advocate for budget allocation in favour of children, support the establishment of monitoring and oversight mechanisms, and enhance the effectiveness of public spending. UNICEF has established a strong partnership with the Ministry of Finance regarding social budgeting issues, through which it has produced influential studies regarding budgeting for children and education finance. The agency has also provided relevant training to healthcare professionals involved in financial planning.
Achievements to date
- UNICEF issued the ‘Social Budgeting for Child Well-Being in Uzbekistan’ report in 2009, a study dedicated to addressing the issues of social budgeting and its impact on children. It also commissioned a study on preschool finance which investigated policy-making and resource-planning processes, based on an analysis of budgeting methodologies and expenditure profiles of selected preschools, with the aim of increasing education coverage by improving resource planning instruments and leveraging additional resources. UNICEF is also working with local think tanks and Oxford Policy Management in finalising an assessment of preschool education, based on an analysis of supply and demand;
- UNICEF has trained 100 healthcare officials in Karakalpakstan, particularly those working in financial planning, in regards to equity and human rights-based budget planning and results-based management. This programme has raised the awareness of regional and local policy makers in regards to child poverty and child deprivation, and the crucial factors that affect child welfare.
The way forward
- The piloting of alternative finance modules at 20 preschools in three target regions of Uzbekistan, designed to enable regional and local authorities to adjust their staff, infrastructure, and available resources based on their service coverage;
- The review of budget expenditures of child care institutions, the identification of cost differences between institution and family-based child care, and the furthering of deinstitutionalisation processes by enhancing and scaling-up social protection systems;
- The review of healthcare financing policy in order to enhance social protection for vulnerable families, conducted in close collaboration with key international stakeholders such as the World Health Organization and the World Bank;
- The support of regional khokimyiats through capacity-building programmes, in order to decentralise resource planning and improve planning methodologies, based on desegregated data collection and the integration of equity elements;
- The improvement of legal framework and normative acts to provide more flexibility to national, regional and local policy makers, to help them effectively utilise their available resources in order to achieve better outcomes for children.