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#data4children: UNICEF launches new MICS report in Ukraine

© UNICEF / UKRAINE / 2011 / G.Pirozzi

Kyiv, 29 January 2014 — UNICEF together with the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine launched today the results of the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) at the Inter-Ministerial Commission for Child Rights. While MICS findings confirmed that Ukraine is making strides in improving the state of children in Ukraine, more needs to be done to ensure that rights of every child are protected.

The Ukraine MICS was carried out by the State Statistics Service of Ukraine in 2012 (data analysis, revision and expert review in 2013) and 12,480 households were surveyed to get comprehensive data about children and families in the country. Financial and technical support was provided by the UNICEF, the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).

During the launch UNICEF Representative in Ukraine Yukie Mokuo stated that UNICEF first and foremost welcomes the convocation of the Commission that has not met since August 2012 and it is a very important for not only to validate the results of the survey but also an important instrument to advance decisions for children at inter-ministerial level. Minister of Social policy N.Korolevska reiterated the commitment of the Ministry to ensure that every child has a family and family environment to secure happy future for the country.

According to the MICS, domestic violence still remains a burning issue as in Ukraine, 61.2% of children aged 2-14 years are subjected to at least one form of psychological or physical punishment by an adult. 11.2% of the population in Ukraine believe that children should be physically punished. In practice, as many as 29.9% of children aged 2 to 14 years are subjected to some kind of physical punishment with male children more likely to be subjected to any physical discipline (36.5%) when compared to female children (23.4%).

There is also an essential discrepancy between rural and urban population in terms of domestic violence: 5.6% women in rural areas tend to accept violence while in urban areas the respective proportion constitutes 2.0%. Men living in the poorest households are much more likely to agree with one of the reasons for beating a wife/partner (17.2%) than men living in the richest households (7.0%).

Immunisation rate is low and inconsistent in Ukraine according to the MICS. Vaccination coverage against BCG is the highest, reaching 94,5% across the country while the coverage against other 9 out of 13 vaccine preventable diseases, including polio, measles, mumps, rubella and Hepatitis B is less than 70%.

More needs to be done for iodized salt consumption as use of iodized salt in the Southern and Northern regions of Ukraine is the nearly 15% being the lowest in Ukraine while the highest is in the West reaching almost 40%. The difference between the richest and poorest households in terms of consumption of adequately iodized salt constitutes 10.6 percentage points (26.5% and 15.9%).

According to the survey, there is a substantial gap in terms of improved water sources between urban and rural areas. In the latter, drinking water piped into dwelling is only available to 25% of the population while in urban settlements 78.8% of the population uses this type of water supply. In terms of use of improved sanitation, the rural population tends to use pit latrines with slab (almost 60%), while the most widespread sanitation facility in urban settlements is the toilet with flush to a piped sewer system or septic tank.

Another area for improvement is breastfeeding as only 65.7% of new-borns are breastfed within one hour of birth. Every fourth woman of childbearing age is also a smoker making smoking most common among women living in big cities (22.4%).

On 10 of February 2014, UNICEF, together with co-authors of selected chapters, the State Statistics and the National Institute of Demography, presented the survey to donors and expert reviewers of the chapters. The presentation of the MICS research findings to the broader public will be held in Ukrainian oblasts later in spring 2014.

Download the full survey and get more information here.


About MICS: the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is an international household survey programme developed by UNICEF in 1990s. The data obtained are used by the States and the international organisations for decision-making for children and women to improve their living conditions.

All MICS reports from different countries are available at www.childinfo.org

About UNICEF: UNICEF promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything we do. Together with our partners, we work in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere. UNICEF office in Ukraine was established in 1997. Learn more at www.unicef.org.ua. Join us on Twitter, Facebook and ВКонтакте

For further information, please contact:
Maria Matsepa, UNICEF Ukraine M&E Specialist.
Tel: +38 044 254 2450. Email: mmatsepa@unicef.org
Veronika Vashchenko, UNUCEF Ukraine Communication Officer.
Tel: +38 044 254 2450. Email: vvashchenko@unicef.org



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