06 April 2022

Resources and helplines for families fleeing Ukraine

The war in Ukraine has forced millions to flee their homes in search of safety. If you or someone you know is taking refuge in a neighbouring country, here's how to access essential services – including shelter, food, protection and other forms of support – in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania and Slovakia. No matter where you'…, Helplines by country, Bulgaria, Need Resource Information for people affected by the war in Ukraine  Government of Bulgaria / Website in Ukrainian, English, Russian / Phone: +359 2 90 55 555, + 380 / 322 465 075 In case of emergency First Responders / Phone: 112 Legal advice Bulgarian Helsinki Committee / Phone: +359 2 980 20 49, +359 2 981 33 18 / Hotline +359 8888 19 745…, Czech Republic, Need Resource Applying for refuge and protection, plus other essential services Government of the Czech Republic /  Website , Phone: +420 974801802  In case of emergency First Responders / Phone: 112 Essential services and humanitarian assistance UNHCR /  Website Legal, social, psychological counselling (including for unaccompanied children)…, Hungary, Need Resource Applying for refuge and protection, plus other essential services Government of Hungary /  Website , Toll-free phone: 06 80 310 310, Mobile phone: +36 1 550 1828 Embassy services Embassy of Ukraine / Phone: +36-14-22-41-20, +36-14-22-41-22, +36-14-22-41-23 In case of emergency First Responders / Phone: 112 Essential services and…, Moldova, Need Resource Applying for refuge and protection, plus other essential services Moldova Bureau for Migration and Asylum / Phone inside Moldova: 0800 015 27, Phone from Ukraine: +373 22 820 007    Accommodation, other essential services, and humanitarian assistance Government of Moldova /  Website Embassy services Embassy of Ukraine /  Website ,…, Romania, Need Resource Applying for refuge and protection, plus other essential services Government of Romania /  Website Embassy services Embassy of Ukraine /  Website , Phone: +40-212-30-36-60 In case of emergency First Responders / Phone: 112 Border Police / Phone: +40219590 Report child abuse Child Helpline / Phone: 119 Essential services and…, Poland, Need Resource Applying for refuge and protection, plus other essential services Government of Poland /  Website , Phone: +48 477217575, Email: ukraina@udsc.gov.pl Embassy services Embassy of Ukraine /  Website , Phone: +48 22 621 39 79 In case of emergency First Responders / Phone: 112 Services related to unaccompanied children, family separation…, Slovakia, Need Resource Applying for refuge and protection, plus other essential services Government of Slovakia /  Website Embassy services Embassy of Ukraine /  Website , Phone: +421 2/592 028 10 In case of emergency First Responders / Phone: 112 Applying for refuge and protection, plus other essential services  IOM /  Website Help for feelings of…, Stay safe, stay alert, Volunteers in and around host communities have turned out by the thousands to escort refugees to safety. Many are unregistered, acting in goodwill to link families to accommodation and support. But the outpour of help at border crossings also provides cover for traffickers and other predators seeking to exploit women and children fleeing war.   , If you're crossing a border:, ❌ Don’t trust job or educational offers from anyone other than authorities, especially if you're pressured to commit right away or required to separate from your friends or family. ✅ Keep digital and paper copies of your passport, ID and other certificates. ❌ Never leave your passport, ID or other certificates with someone you don’t know. ✅ Stay…, If you're travelling with children:, ✅ Teach your children their full names, your full name and your phone number. Have them practice repeating it. ✅ Identify a meeting point and plan to go there in case you get separated from your children. ✅ For very small children, prepare an identity tag (like a bracelet or something attached to their clothing) with the child’s name and your…, If you're helping an unaccompanied child:, ❌ Don’t assume the child is lost. A parent or caregiver may be close by. ✅ Ask others in the immediate vicinity if they know the child. Ask for the child's name and other family details. ❌ Don’t accept help from any stranger who offers to escort the child to safety. ✅ Keep the child's belongings with her at all times. These might help authorities…
30 September 2021

Guidelines for journalists reporting on children

Principles and guidelines for media reporting on children, Media reporting on children and young people should never put them at risk. UNICEF has developed principles and guidelines to help journalists report on children’s issues in a way that enables them to serve the public interest without compromising the rights of children. These are six over-arching principles; six guidelines for interviewing…, Six principles , Respect the dignity and rights of every child in every circumstance.    In interviewing (and reporting on) children, pay special attention to each child's right to privacy and confidentiality, to have their opinions heard, to participate in decisions affecting them and to be protected from harm and retribution.    Protect the best interests of…, Six guidelines for interviewing children, Do no harm to any child; avoid questions, attitudes or comments that are judgemental, insensitive to cultural values, that place a child in danger or expose a child to humiliation, or that reactivate the pain of traumatic events.   Do not discriminate in choosing children to interview because of their sex, race, age, religion, status, educational…, Seven guidelines for reporting on children , Do not further stigmatize any child; avoid categorizations or descriptions that expose a child to negative reprisals - including additional physical or psychological harm, or to lifelong abuse, discrimination or rejection by their local communities.   Always provide an accurate context for the child's story or image.    Always change the name and…
31 March 2021

UNICEF history

The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was established in 1946, in the aftermath of World War II. Our mandate was clear: to help children and young people whose lives and futures were at risk – no matter what role their country had played in the war. What mattered to UNICEF was reaching every child in need, protecting…, A fairer world for every child, The story of UNICEF is a story of how much good the human family can do when it unites to protect the rights of its youngest and most vulnerable citizens. We bring 75 years of field-tested expertise, a network that spans the globe, a passion for innovation, dynamic partnerships, and a commitment to making every dollar count. As we look back, we…, UNICEF through the decades, For 75 years, UNICEF’s mission has evolved with the needs of children around the world. Browse our timeline and discover our work through the decades., The faces, the voices, The story of UNICEF is that of every child we reach. It is also reflected in the people who have relentlessly served and supported our organization. This is the story of committed people who have provided critical resources, time and encouragement to build an environment where children can grow up protected, healthy and educated. Be they our…, The Archives, For 75 years, UNICEF has collected records, items and leading research that document our story as well as that of the world. The UNICEF Archives, located in our New York Headquarters, houses material that captures UNICEF’s global field operations – from our founding in the aftermath of World War II through today. From biographies to landmark…, Historical documents and publications, Our vast collection of reports, data and other historical publications spans decades and is a key vehicle to influence policy and decision-making.  From flagship publications like the State of the World’s Children to our Annual Reports, discover our historical documents .
31 March 2021

Becoming the leading voice: 2006–2015

As more people became aware of the inequalities facing the most vulnerable, UNICEF took a leading role to challenge systemic inequity around the world., 2010   , “By helping the most disadvantaged children today – by giving them a fair chance in life – we can help break the bonds of extreme poverty tomorrow.” Anthony Lake, UNICEF Executive Director (2010–2017). Anthony Lake visits a drop-in centre for girls. UNICEF/UNI121463/Mawa Bangladesh, 2012: UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake visits a drop-in…, 2012, In joining the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI), UNICEF commits to greater transparency in all its work, so that its methods can be understood.   UNICEF hosts the first Forum of the Global Partnership on Children with Disabilities. A child delegate is interviewed. United States, 2012: A child delegate is interviewed at the Forum of…, 2014, UNICEF launches the first version of RapidPro – an open-source platform for sharing real-time data across health, education and youth engagement platforms. A health worker checks cholera alerts from RapidPro on a mobile phone. Burundi, 2015: A health worker checks cholera alerts from RapidPro on a mobile phone in Nyanza Lac.   On February 11, 2014…, 2015, Mobile technology makes the distribution of medicine and supplies faster and more accurate. This becomes especially important during the Ebola crisis in West Africa.   The UNICEF Office of Innovation inspires new and creative approaches, partnerships and technologies that can improve the lives of children. Adolescent girls read text messages.…
31 March 2021

Bringing the world together: 1989–2005

Find out how UNICEF brought nations together under the banner of children’s rights., 1989, 159 United Nations Member States adopt the Convention on the Rights of the Child , the most universally approved human rights treaty for the protection of children.   “The best interests of children must be the primary concern in making decisions that may affect them.” Convention on the Rights of the Child. UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Audrey…, 1990, The World Summit for Children, convened by UNICEF, brought together an unprecedented number of heads of state to rally around the cause of children and adopt the Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children. A poster for The World Summit for Children 1990 featuring three children holding up the world. The World Summit for…, 1993, By the end of 1993, life expectancy in the developing world has increased by about a third since the end of World War II. Infant and child death rates have been halved, the proportion of children starting school has risen from 50 per cent to 75 per cent, and the number of rural families with access to safe drinking water has risen from just 10 per…, 1994, UNICEF and UNESCO invent and distribute School-in-a-Box, a global effort to support uninterrupted education for children in humanitarian crises.  Children write on chalkboards United Republic of Tanzania, 1994: Children write on chalkboards provided by UNICEF and UNESCO at a temporary school for Rwandan refugees., 1995, At the Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing, China, world leaders renew their commitment to the rights of women and girls. Women in a circle show the palms of their hands. South Africa, 1998: Women factory workers show their calloused and scarred hands., 1995 to 2005  , “When the lives and rights of children are at stake, there must be no silent witnesses.” Carol Bellamy, UNICEF Executive Director (1995–2005). Carol Bellamy speaks with children at a school. UNICEF/UNI35120/Chalasani Carol Bellamy speaks with children at a school receiving support from UNICEF. Somalia 2000., 1996, The Graça Machel report,  Impact of Armed Conflict on Children , describes the devastating effects of war on children and advocates for their special protection.  , 1998, UNICEF adopts a human rights-based approach to programming, placing human rights principles at the centre of its work. Boys in class at Al-Bainia Primary School. Yemen, 1998. Yemen, 1998: Boys in class at Al-Bainia Primary School in the village of Al-Bainia, in southern Yemen., 1999, UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) intervene to deliver vaccines and other urgent health services for children in conflict. Refugees rest inside and outside a red car. Albania, 1999: Two refugee boys from Kosovo, one sleeping with his head on the other's…, 2002, A special session of the United Nations General Assembly – the first dedicated exclusively to children – reviews progress on the goals set by the 1990 World Summit for Children. A child delegate addresses the United Nations General Assembly. United States, 2002: A child delegate addresses the United Nations General Assembly during the Special…, 2004, UNICEF and partners organize a rapid humanitarian response to a devastating tsunami in the Indian Ocean. An eight-year-old child stands on what remains of her home following a tsunami. India 2005. India, 2005. An eight-year-old child stands on what remains of her home following the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004., 2005 to 2010, UNICEF launches the “Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS” campaign to mobilize resources and accelerate action for children vulnerable to HIV and AIDS.  Children hug at the launch of the "Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS" campaign. Sudan, 2005: Children attend a local launch of the “Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS” campaign.…
31 March 2021

Moving with the times: 1980–1988

With new knowledge backed by data, UNICEF increased the urgency of its appeals – healthy children need essential resources., 1980  , “We need to give children’s essential needs a ‘first call’ on society’s resources.” James Grant, UNICEF Executive Director (1980–1995). James Grant raises the United Nations flag on a relief truck leaving Nairobi. UNICEF/UNI98144/James Kenya, 1989: James Grant, UNICEF Executive Director, raises the United Nations flag on a relief truck leaving…, 1982, UNICEF launches the Child Survival and Development Revolution, a drive to save the lives of millions of children each year. Special emphasis is placed on four low-cost measures: growth monitoring, oral rehydration therapy, promotion of breastfeeding, and immunization (together they are sometimes referred to by the acronym GOBI). A series of…, 1983, To accelerate advances in education, UNICEF endorses a joint primary education and literacy programme with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Students wait outside their elementary school in Addis Ababa. Ethiopia, 1986. Ethiopia, 1986: Students wait outside their elementary school in Addis Ababa., 1985, A cease fire in El Salvador’s civil war, based on the UNICEF-supported concepts of "children as a zone of peace" and "periods of tranquility" for humanitarian assistance, allows for three days of mass immunization of children. This approach is later applied in Lebanon (1987), Sudan (1989), Iraq (1991), and elsewhere with increasing frequency into…, 1986, The publication of the report Children in Especially Difficult Circumstances raises awareness of the need for child protection. A road sign near Jalalabad camp warns people of the presence of landmines. Afghanistan, 1991. Afghanistan, 1991: A road side board warns people about presence of landmine near the Jalalabad camp for displaced persons from…, 1987, Developing countries are hard hit by global economic crises. The landmark report Adjustment with a Human Face calls for national programmes and policies to protect the rights of women and children especially during economic downturns. Cover of the report Adjustment with a Human Face featuring a boy carrying a large basket on his shoulders. Volume…, 1988, The International Child Development Centre is established to oversee research for children at the historic Innocenti building in Florence, Italy. “We must find ways to improve our abilities to be creative, to be highly effective professionals, and to be good managers and mobilizers.” Jim Himes, Director of the International Child Development…
31 March 2021

Emerging from the ashes of war: 1946–1979

From the smoke and ashes of World War II, a refugee crisis emerged unlike any the world had seen. Out of this destruction, UNICEF was created to ease the burden of the world’s most vulnerable children., 1946, The International Children’s Emergency Fund (ICEF) is created by the UN Relief Rehabilitation Administration to help children affected by World War II. ICEF is for child health purposes generally and aid is to be distributed to all children, without discrimination.  On 11 December 1946, a resolution of the United Nations General Assembly brings…, 1947 to 1965, During his 18 years as Executive Director, Maurice Pate expanded UNICEF’s work to meet the needs of children in a more holistic way. He also strengthened consensus that the needs of children surpass politics.   “There are no enemy children.”  Maurice Pate, UNICEF Executive Director (1947–1965). UNICEF Executive director Maurice Pate sits with…, 1947, The first private contribution to UNICEF is received. To this day, UNICEF relies on millions of supporters to help to make a difference in the lives of children. In the same year, the first UNICEF National Committee is established in the United States. National Committees are a supportive network of independent charities that raise funds to…, 1949, The first UNICEF greeting card is issued. Selling UNICEF cards soon became one of the organization’s largest and most enduring fundraising activities. UNICEF National Committees will play a key role in the sale of billions of cards during the next seven decades. Drawing of dancing children by seven-year-old Dzitka Samkova. United States, 1949:…, 1950, Due to the “necessity for continued action to relieve the sufferings of children” the United Nations General Assembly extends UNICEF’s mandate ─ emphasizing the organization’s support for children outside of Europe. A student in Suwon, Repluc of Korea, prepares to drink her daily ration of milk. Republic of Korea, 1950: A student in Suwon prepares…, 1953, UNICEF becomes a permanent United Nations agency. The words ‘International’ and ‘Emergency’ are dropped from the official name but the acronym is retained. UNICEF’s projects in water, sanitation and hygiene seek to reduce preventable childhood diseases and death. Campaigns to eradicate yaws, leprosy and trachoma are highly effective.  A health…, 1954, Beloved United States entertainer Danny Kaye becomes UNICEF’s "Ambassador at Large". Danny Kaye visits his former primary school in Brooklyn, New York. United States, 1954: Danny Kaye visits his former primary school in Brooklyn, New York, where he encourages students to help raise funds for UNICEF., 1956, Between 1956 and 1957, more than 13,000 maternal and child welfare centres receive UNICEF supplies and technical training in 102 countries.  A child is tested for tuberculosis. The Philippines, 1956: A mobile vaccination team in Batangas tests children for tuberculosis., 1957, UNICEF launches new nutrition programmes. Communities are trained in vegetable gardening, fish pond management, poultry and livestock breeding, and receive education about nutrition. A boy feeds his family’s chickens. Thailand, 1955. Thailand, 1995: A boy feeds his family’s chickens., 1959, The United Nations Declaration of the Rights of the Child defines children’s rights to protection, education, healthcare, shelter and good nutrition. A doctor tests children for tuberculosis in New Delhi, India. India, 1956: A World Health Organization doctor tests children for tuberculosis in New Delhi. Children who test negative for the disease…, 1961, UNICEF expands its focus to include children’s education. Aid for education programmes are launched globally and continue for years to come.  Two boys reading in a temporary school in Pakistan. Pakistan, 1988: Boys at a temporary school in a camp for Afghan refugees in Peshawar., 1964, The Bellagio Conference (or The International Round Table on Children and Youth in Development Planning) in Bellagio, Italy focuses on ways to link children's well being to national development plans. Following the Bellagio conference, UNICEF pivots from being a relief fund to an international development agency with technical expertise in all…, 1965, The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to UNICEF for the "promotion of brotherhood among nations". The Nobel Peace Prize designation recognizes work for children as work for peace. "The welfare of today’s children is inseparably linked with the peace of tomorrow’s world." Henry Labouisse, UNICEF Executive Director (1965–1979). Henry Labouisse receives…, 1967, Amid much controversy, UNICEF aid for family planning is approved. Family planning support is provided within the context of maternal and child health.   Twins are delivered in Ankara, Turkey. Turkey, 1973: Twins are delivered in Ankara. UNICEF support included the provision of midwife kits, vitamins, medical equipment and weaning food., 1968, UNICEF provides aid for mothers and children in civil conflicts in Nigeria and Viet Nam, upholding its philosophy of non-political and non-discriminatory aid. Packages are prepared in Ubulu, Nigeria, for distribution in the Biafra region. Nigeria, 1969: Packages are prepared in Ubulu for distribution in the Biafra region. Each package contains…, 1971, The UNICEF Executive Board expands its aid work to include services "benefiting children in urban slums and shantytowns," increasing the organization’s reach and depth over the years. Two children stand in the street. India, 1992: UNICEF works with governments to reduce child homelessness in cities.   United Nations agencies mobilize to provide…, 1973, UNICEF expands aid for non-formal education (outside regular schools), particularly for rural children and youth. Boys enter a training centre. Republic of Dahomey (now Benin), 1969: Boys enter a training centre where they receive education in agronomy in addition to traditional academic subjects., 1975, The Mark II water pump is invented, transforming village life. Children collect water at a Mark II handpump. India, 1980: Within 10 years of its development, the Mark II water pump is used in UNICEF water programmes around the world., 1978, The Alma-Ata conference, jointly convened by WHO and UNICEF, focuses world attention on primary healthcare and emphasizes community-based approaches to family health as the keys to achieving an acceptable level of health throughout the world. A girl is vaccinated while sitting in her mother's lap. Turkey, 1985: A child is vaccinated during the…, 1979, Due to its non-political status, UNICEF is able to lead the United Nations and Red Cross in major relief and rehabilitation operations across Kampuchea, now Cambodia. A boy holds a drawing showing the atrocities of the Khmer Rouge regime. Kampuchea (now Cambodia]), 1980: A boy in a camp for people displaced by civil conflict shows one of his…