Emergency response to conflict in eastern Ukraine
UNICEF supports health, nutrition, HIV prevention, education, safe drinking water, sanitation and protection for children and families caught in the conflict in eastern Ukraine. We call on all sides to recommit to the ceasefire.
After more than six years of conflict in eastern Ukraine, 3.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance – 60 per cent of them are women and children. Approximately 1.6 million people have been forced from their homes and tens of thousands of civilians have been killed or wounded.
The situation is particularly grave for nearly 430,000 girls and boys living in areas with the fiercest fighting: Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts – within 20 kilometres of the ‘contact line’ – a line that divides government- from non-government-controlled areas.
"Before he got hit, Sasha was like a proper child. Now he seems like a grown up. He can tell from the sounds what type of weapon is firing."
Children face the immediate threats posed by the conflict, and the long-term impact of lost education and trauma.
Children living in these areas face grave threats from shelling, landmines and unexploded ordnance.
At a time of COVID-19, the most vulnerable have no choice, but to bear a ‘double’ burden. The destruction of vital civilian infrastructure – health centres, schools and water supplies – as a result of the fighting also threatens their lives. Millions of people depend on water infrastructure that is in the line of fire.
Education – so crucial for a child’s sense of ‘normalcy’ – has been shattered, with more than one in five schools in eastern Ukraine damaged or destroyed.
Teachers and psychologists report signs of severe psychosocial distress among children, including nightmares, social withdrawal and panic attacks triggered by loud noises.
As per estimates, more than one in four children in Donetsk and Luhansk need psychosocial support. Few, however, get that support, as the available services are over-stretched and under-funded.
It is extremely painful to recall how we almost died twice. It is hard for us to talk about how we had to leave behind everything we had – a home, a job and friends – so we could stay alive.
Immunization coverage has been undermined by a combination of conflict, lack of vaccines and vaccine hesitancy (a reluctance among parents to have their children immunized). The country experienced polio outbreaks in 2015 and, according to the Polio Regional Certification Committee, is at a high risk of polio transmission.
Children in eastern Ukraine need lasting peace.
While the fighting continues, we provide support to children and their families affected by the conflict. Operating through four offices on both sides of the conflict, UNICEF:
- provides life-saving mine risk education to hundreds of thousands of children and their caregivers;
- supports the rehabilitation of schools damaged by the fighting; and
- provides more than 2.3 million people with access to safe water.
We also provide psychosocial support to more than 200,000 boys and girls and their caregivers through community protection centres, mobile teams, teachers and school-based psychologists. But the scale of their needs for longer-term care is rapidly overwhelming the limited resources that are available.
We support immunization, helping to reform the Government’s vaccine-procurement system, and obtaining the vaccines needed to keep immunization up and running and keeping Ukraine’s polio-free status.
UNICEF has called repeatedly for all sides to abide by the ceasefire agreement signed in Minsk in August 2015 and to respect international humanitarian law, including the requirement for unrestricted humanitarian access.
UNICEF is currently appealing for US$23,000,000 for the COVID-19 response in Ukraine, in addition to an existing humanitarian appeal of US$9,800,000 to support families with children in the conflict-affected east. As of yet, only 27 per cent of the 2020 Humanitarian Appeal for Children is funded.